The Biological Psychology of José Ingenieros, some biographical points, and Wilhelm Ostwald’s (Nobel Prize Chemistry, 1909) introduction to the 1922 German edition



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Lazaros C. Triarhou & Manuel del Cerro - The Biological Psychology of José Ingenieros and Wilhelm Ostwald’s Introduction


The Biological Psychology of José Ingenieros, some biographical points, and Wilhelm Ostwald’s (Nobel Prize Chemistry, 1909) introduction to the 1922 German edition

by

Lazaros C. Triarhou



Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of Educational Policy,

University of Macedonia, Thessalónica 54006, Greece

Contacto / correspondence: triarhou[-at]uom.gr


and

Manuel del Cerro



Professor Emeritus of Neurobiology & Anatomy and Ophthalmology,

University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA

Electroneurobiología 2006; 14 (3), pp. 115-195; URL

Copyright © junio 2006 Electroneurobiología. Esta texto es un artículo de acceso público; su copia exacta y redistribución por cualquier medio están permitidas bajo la condición de conservar esta noticia y la referencia completa a su publicación incluyendo la URL (ver arriba). / This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's full citation and URL (above).


Received: 31 May 2006 Accepted: 30 June 2006
Puede obtener un archivo .PDF (recomendado) para leer o imprimir este artículo, desde aquí o de / You can download a .PDF (recommended) file for reading or printing, either from here or
SUMMARY: One of the earliest recorded works in Biological Psychology was published in 1910 by Argentinian psychiatrist José Ingenieros (1877-1925), Professor of Experimental Psychology at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters of the University of Buenos Aires. Ingenieros, a multifaceted personality and prolific author and educator, has been considered a ‘luminary’ for young generations, ahead of his time, and was famous for his lapidary aphorisms. Physician, philosopher and political activist, he was the first psychologist who tried to establish a comprehensive psychological system in South America. His long list of publications includes 484 articles and 47 books, which are generally categorized in two periods: studies in mental pathology and criminology (1897-1908) and studies in philosophy, psychology and sociology (1908-1925). Some of his books continue to be published and to be best-sellers in the Spanish-speaking world; however, his works were never particularly available to English-speaking audiences. In the present study we present an overview of Ingenieros’ life and work, and an account of his profoundly interesting work Principios de Psicología Biologica, in which he analyzes the development, evolution and social context of mental functions. It is a hope, eighty years after his death, to bibliographically resurrect this ardent champion of reason in the English biomedical and psychological literature. We also provide the original German and an English translation of the Introduction contributed by Nobel laureate Wilhelm Ostwald (1853-1932) to the 1922 German edition of Ingenieros’ Biological Psychology, pertinent to the energetic principles Ingenieros adopted and the study of Psychology as a natural science.

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