"El hombre encuentra, en la grandeza de su pasado, valor y confianza para el fitturo."
READ BY 20,000 SPANISH AMERICANS
quihto SQl, publicatmks. WC.
Borksloy. Caittorais 94709
ANO - 4 - NUMERO 56 LANSING. MICHIGAN ,15 de abril de 1973 :
PI PPmnnirn nnc i i iictoa "1
Financed through a grant from the Dept. of Housing and Urban Development under the provisions of Sec. 104 of the Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act 1966
CONCERN ABOUT CHICJANO DROP OUT
MEETING A T EASTERN HIGH SCHOOL
Eastern High School was the scene of a school-community meeting Thursday evening April 1, 1973 attended by about 100 persons. Attendance, was unusually high, a fact explained by
wo i6C*».i S».-S» Sf 8V9M8-. originating at the first public meeting of the newly constituted Lansing Board of Education at which members of the Chicano community leveled charges at the Board of Education, one of which specifically made reference to the 25 percent dropout rate at Eastern High School.
The charges and concerns made at that first public meeting of the newly constituted Board of Education prompted the Board of Education to call two meetings with members of the Chicano community. It was at one of these two meetings that Eastern High School was again the object of charges made by Manuel Delgado.
-"-sn^e! ^b?^fied that Eastern High School had one of the highest dropout rates and that the Chicano community would no longer tolerate this state of affairs and formally asked the Board of Education to take action to correct matters of this type. In answer to requests by the Chicano com munity that same evening the Board of Education unofficially made a commitment to name a liaison committee from the Chicano community.
Chicano Parents speaking out at Eastern High Schwol.
HOLLAND HOPE STUDENT ON MILIKEN'S COMMISSION
Hope College junior Celia Martinez of Holland has been appointed to Gov. William Milli-ken's Commission on Higher Education.
Gov. Milliken created the commission in January to conduct an overall study of post-secondary education in Michigan.
In launching the commission .Milliken said: "Bold new designs for ordering and delivering ahigher education services are needed in Michigan and I am charging the Commission on Higher Education with the responsibility of charting the course for the state's future in this important regard."
The commission win give special emphasis to three major
aspects: The goals, purposes and functions of all post-secondary education; governance, coordination and planning of a system of higher education; and future financial requirements and impacts of post-secondary education.
Miss Martinez, 22, is one of two undergraduate student representatives on the 30-member commission.
She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ramon J. Martinez, 1189 South Shore Dr., Holland and has been a resident of the community seven years.
At Hope she is majoring in Spanish and-' hopes to pursue a career in elementary education. She is *a 1970 graduate of Holland High.
Miss Celia Martinez
Abstract from the Holland Evening Sentinel
The meeting that evening subsequently gave rise to some meetings between Manuel Delgado and Don Johnson, Eastern principal, staff members, and Eastern school students. The meeting last Thursday evening at Eastern High School with the some 100 parents was the last, in the series of events originating from the charges leveled-at Eastern High School at that first public meeting of-the new Board back in January.
Gloria Gonzalez, an Eastern student presided at the meeting and although she is to be commended for her role in the meeting, one could not help but wonder what prompted her many remarks. Don Johnson,
Eastern principal received praise for meeting needs of the Chicano students at Eastern and Manuel Delgado and Jose Gamez who made repeated efforts to outline some concerns they had for the education of Chicano students came under criticism and were refused the opportunity of making a number of comments.
All was not well as it seemed that some of the more verbal Chicano students took the opportunity to say "All is well at Eastern, we as Chicanos have no problem here." The dropout rate was discussed and so was some information that Eastern High had prepared for Manuel Delgado indicating the number of Continue 00 Ras« .3 ,
EDMUNDO GEORGr EDITOR/DIRECTOR
Chicanos Protest State Journal Article
If John Mc Aleenan listened at 6:00 a.m. to the daily local Chicanocadio program, VARIEDADES EN AL AIRE, he would have avoided making several mistakes in his March 25th article on the Northside Chicano neighborhood.
First, he would recognize that May 5th. "Cinco de Mayo," is the traditional Chicano festival celebrating the "La Batalla del Pueblo." and not May 1 3. Mother's Day, which is strictly an Anglo affair, and if it celebrated by the Mexican-American, it is because of the influence of the Anglo culture.
Other mistakes made in the article by Mr. Mc Aleenan are:
1. His assumption that people fluent in Spanish are illiterate when they arrive in Michigan unable to read and write ENGLISH.
2. The map incorrectly labels the Chicano neighborhood. The street picture and the bars referred to are both outside of the boundaries Mr. Mc Aleenan used in his article.
3. The article sighted a policeman who .said that the community was apprehensive because of the poverty conditions there. If Mr. Mc Aleenan listened to the Chicano radio last year, he would have heard ex-police chief Darrel! Husby speak of the unique unity and closeness of the Chicano family. He lamented about the police department's inability to take advantage of this cultural strength. One of his fruitless endeavors was to establish closer police-community relations.
4. Mr. Mc Aleenan refers to violence in the Northside. It is true there is violence-trie violence of poverty, the violence of unhealthy conditions the violence of unemployment, the violence of racism-but physical violence is NOT AN ACCEPTABLE WAY OF LIFE. It is a rare occurrance and is not tolerated.
5. Mr. Mc Aleenan refers to headlines in EL RENACIMIENTO concerning university scholarships. The fact is that' the EL RENACIMIENTO has been headlining the continuing struggle between Chicanos and the Michigan State University Agriculture Department and Cooperative Extension Service. Recent front page headlines read. "'Cooperative Extension Insensitive to Migrant Needs" and "Chicanos Sue MSU's Cooperative Extension."
6. Mr. Mc Aleenan indicates that a "short walk along Grand-River between Ballard and Washington can get you any kind of drug you wish." In fact the average person walking down this street will not be accosted by drug addicts selling drugs any more than he would be in any area high sokool, any other street in Lansing, or in City Hall. It is a fact that drugs are everywhere for hard-core addicts, but not in the way portrayed in this article.
7. Mr. Mc Aleenan states that "there are black and whites, but they are not part of the community." In fact, the recent "Light Brigade" action against the Board of Water and Light for improved street lighting was composed of concerned Chicano, Black, White, and Indian neighbors getting together to solve a common problem. The Northside DrugCrisis Center Board of Directors is composed of concerned Chicanos, Blacks, Whites, and Indians. The High Street School Citizens Involvement Committee is similarly represented.
8. Mr. Mc Aleenan really exposes his ignorance when he states, "They came to the factories, from the beet fields, cherry trees and pickle plants, replacing young America gone to fight a war." It must be pointed out that Chicanos, both citizens and residents, were drafted into a segregated army in World War II and their units recieved the highest battle honors that could be bestowed. They played a particularly major part in the Italian campaign and were recognized by General Eisenhower for that performance. The American GI Forum is a nationwide Chicano veterans' organization that has an active local chapter that numbers over two hundred.
9. Mr. Mc Aleenan implies that migrants are shiftless, rootless, nomads drifting from community to community "searching for roots." These migrants have deep roots-the family. In fact, migrants are the hardest working, most underpaid group in our economy. As was pointed out in the April 7th edition of NEW REPIL.JC. "If the President is looking for better examples of Americans who prefer backbreaking stoop labor to welfare, he has it here: migrant families that follow the crops... These families make around $3600 a year on an average, and their children bear the weight of their struggle."
The STATE JOURNAL should send a reporter to walk the streets, talk to the people, listen to the sounds, and smell the aromas of the Northside once again.
LETS KICK THE DOOR OPEN
An Editorial on Educational Opportunity for Chicanos at LCC by Manuel Sepulveda
In the past few years, particularly the last two, universities and colleges have been especially aggressive in the recruitment of minorities as students, teachers, vcounselors and, occasionally, as administrators. Black. Chicano, and Indian study courses are quickly becoming the rule rather than the exception. Universities are claiming more liberal entrance requirements. Financial aid has been maUe more available. All of this seems to add up to a brighter picture for all those wanting higher education.
This is especially true for the Chicano whose lack of education has long been a road block in his quest for personal freedom and achievement. Vi r tually iso la ted fro m the educational system because of a different culture and language, the Chicano has If ever been able to employ fully the resources of his innate intelligence and ability. Then also, there was the danger that many Chicanos educated in Anglo-oriented schools would afterwards be unable to relate in a positive manner to their- heritage and culture. At the same time public schools attacked or completely ignored the Chicano heritage and attempted to substitute a pale, watered-down Anglo heritage. Sometimes in surviving the shortcoming of the educational system, he has suffered a damaging change in th$ perspective of his culture.
Only recently at Lansing Community College has the trend been stopped, if not sUgh tly reversed. THE ENROLLMENT OF CHICANOS AT LCC HAS
TRIPLED in the last three years. Aitlzgugh this rate of increase was undoubtedly made easier because of the small ^number of Chicano students at L.C.C. three years ago, the fact remains that administrators; have shovvn an open earnestness in dealing with and • in innovating and making available educational opportunities to the Chicano.
The faculty list now INCLUDES THE NAME OF THREE CHICANO INSTRUCTORS and ONE FULL-TIME STUDENT COUNSELOR. The curriculum contains a three credit Chicano studies course titled "Chicano Con temporary Problems." Recently College President Phil Gannon traveled to the community and spoke at Cristo Rey in an attempt to make himself available and known to the people of the community and at the same time to produce a greater interest in the offerings of the college. ^
There is still a lot be done though. The number of Chicafios in institutions of higher learning are proportionately less than any other minority and the problems are many.
Lansing Community College has seemed to accomplish, though, an opening for an exchange of ideas and opinions. The road for community colleges in the future leads toward an^ever greater social responsibility. We have our foot in the door; let's kick it open.
"BOARD OF DIRECTORS
PRES. ROD SANTA ANA SECRETARY CORA JEWELL JESSE GUZMAN RICARDO BRIONES NORBERTO MANRIQUE FRANK DE LA CRUZ
P.O. BOX 465 LANSING. MICHIGAN 48902
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Continue from page t . CHICANO DROP OUTS
students failing various courses and relating the number to the rate of absenteism and tardiness. The correlation is high, and of course, logically so, however no one failed or had the opportunity to ask why the rate of absenteism and tardiness is so high. It is obvious the schools are not solely responsible for this state of affairs, but the question is, what effort is the school making to address this problem.
Involvement is a key word for many in our community and Eastern High was certainly the scene of much involvement. We look forward to continued involvement in matters concerning the education of our young people and trust that involvement in future meetings will be open to all who wish to speak.
MANAGEMENT POSITION - Graduate with specialization in transportation, business and personnel administration. Must be able to formulate, plan, coordinate, direct, and initiate plans, methods, and policies for the operation of scheduled mass transportation in the city of Lansing. Equal Opportunity Employer. Salary open. Apply at 240 Mill Street, Lansing.
Bus Drivers - Male, female for small electric buses in mall area. Minimum qualifications: must have a current valid drivers' license for at least 5 years. Good driving record. Must be able to obtain both a chauffers and city drivers' license. Must pass a physical. Apply at 240 Mill Street, Lansing.
Reunion De Alcoh6licos An tinimos
El grupo Salvacion Latin a de Acholicos Anonimos de Chicago, III. viene a visitar el grupo Esperanza de la ciudad de Lansing el 21 de abril.
Este grupo viene a co mpartir las mutuas experiencias que fortalezcan a ambos grupos.
Se in vita al publico a esta reunion el sabado, 21 de abril a las 8:30 p.m. en la Presbyterian Church en la esquina de Washington y Grand River.
Save With A Model Cities Credit Union Loan
Under the new TRUTH-IN-LENDING LAW, all lenders and credit sources are required to tell you the cost and the rate separately and clearly. The purpose of the law is to make it easier for you to compare costs and rates from different sources. It will now be clear for the first time that a *« mst is not the same as percent rate. You will find that when a bank charges $6 or $7, the rate i s a round 11 to 13 percent. When a department store charges 1 1/2 percent per month, the true annual percentage rate is ,18 percent. Loan companies charge 30 percent on the first $300 and 15 percent on larger amounts. Complete cost and rate information must be given to you before you • sign for a loan or any kind of consumer credit.
You should ask for this information before making up your mind about how to finance any large sum. Do not borrow from any institution or dealer that avoids giving you complete information. You will almost always find the^credit union rate is the lowest. If you borrow $100 from the credit union and pay it back in 12 monthly . installments your total payment is $106.78. In other words, your cost in dollars is $6.68. There are no extra charges. The annual percentage rate is 12 percent. You pay 1 percent each month on your current loan balance. The table below shows your monthly payments and total costs on loans of various amounts for various periods. To get the cost of your loan in dollars and cents, subtract the amount borrowed from the total payments.
Para asistirle a usted y a los suyos ....
El programa de "CAEOC" (Oficina de Oportunidades Econbmicas) junto con el programa de las "Ciudades Modelo" de Lansing, tienen a su cargo el proyecto de . . . .
INFORMACION Y REFERENCIA
Que consta de ocho oficinas de las cuales una de ellas esta mas cerca de su hogar. Tenemos transportacidn en emergencias y servicio de Notario Publico gratis.
dTiene algiin Problema? La oficina de INFORMACION y REFERENCIA, le puede poner en contacto con la persona o agenda que pueda solucionar su problema. Ya sea este hogareno, econdmico o social.
101 East Willow Lansing, Michigan
NO SE OLVIDE EL NUMERO TELEFONICO ES EL 484-1357
Esta oficina tiene sus puertas abiertas todos los dias de lunes a viernes de 8:00 - 5:00 p.m.
"The FINANCE CHARGE- is computed at a periodic rate of .03288% per day. ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATE 12%, applied to each loan amount in the balance column for the period that balance was outstanding."
Oiiiniii Sol hililiiiiliuiis. Inc.
Publishers of Chicano Literature
P. O. Box 9275 Berkeley, California 94709
Publications Now Available
1. EL GRITO—Quarterly Journal, social science, literature, art. Now in 6th year. Subscription: $5.00 per year. Foreign $6.00.
2. Romano/Rios: EL ESPEJO—Bilingual Anthology of Chicano Literature. 18 Chicano authors, 288 pp. Paperbacks: $3.75; Hardcover: $6.75.
3. Tomas Rivera: . . .'Y NO SE LO TRAGO LA TIERRA— Bilingual collection of short stories, 200 pp. Paperback: $4.50; Hardcover: $6.50.
4. Octavio I. Romaho-V, Editor: VOICES—Collection of essays, 13 Chicanp authors, 241 pp. Paperback: $3.50.
5. Rudolfo A. Anaya: BLESS ME, ULTIMA—Novel, 264 pp. Paperback: $3.75; Hardcover: $6.75.
6. Sergio Elizondo: PERROS Y ANTIPERROS—Epic poem, bilingual, 76 pp. Paperback: $1.75.
California residents add 5% sales tax Payment must accompany orders Make check payable to Qulnto Sol OUINTO SOL PUBLICATIONS Cable: Qulntol
New Lettuce Boycott Office Opens in Lansing
The Lansing Lettuce Boycott Committee has opened up an office as headquarters for the Lettuce Boycot being carried on by the United Farm Workers under the leadership of Cesar Chavez.
The Lettuce Boycott office is located at 719 E. Grand River next door to Quinto Sol. Office hours are from 8:00 to 5:00 every weekday and someone wiil probably be around on weekends.
The Boycott Committee will host OPEN HOUSE Wednesday, April 18, yitith only an old desk for office furniture inside of the office, any donations in the form of office supplies or equipment will be most appreciated by the Boycott Committee.
Strategy meetings are being held every Wednesday night around 7 or 8 P.M. Anyone interested is urged to attend. The Boycott Committee wants the public to be concerned about the fact that Farm Workers are among the
poorest of the poor in America. For over 50 years farm workers have played a vital role in the feeding of our nation, and during this time they have remained at^tfje bottom of the economic ladder.
Farm workers are excluded from the safequards and protections provided by legislation for workers in other industries, and therefore suffer exceptional hardships, economic exploitation on, physical damage from poisonous insecticides and other occupational hazards. Last month farm workers in a "model" labor camps in Florida suffered an attack of typhoid, a disease possible only under the worst of sanitary conditions.
Significant improvement has been achieved in those areas where farm workers have been able to organize for self determination nonviolently under the leadership of Cesar Chavez. Improved housing, better wages, paid vacations, and health care
benefits are some of the betterments realized under the U.F.W.
Ten thousand farm workers have struck the lettuce and vegetable fields of California and Arizona for union recognition and a boycott of California, Arizona head lettuce has been made necessary because of the combined strike-breaking efforts of the growers and the courts in this country.
Tom Kay stated, "Farm workers need help so that they can continue in their struggle for justice."
The Boycott Lettuce Committee asks that you boycott California -Arizona iceberg lettuce that does not bear the Aztec eagle of United Farm Workers AFL - CIO.
"Only through your support will farm workers gain justice and dignity for themselves and break the vicious cycle of poverty and misery."
More information can be obtained by contacting: Lansing Lettuce Boycott Committee 719 E. Grand River, Lansing, Michigan 48906. Phone: 485-7478.
dance Sponsored By Two Latin Organizations