Reading a painting



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READING A PAINTING

  • HOW TO SEE A PAINTING
  • WHO IS THE ARTIST?
  • WHAT IS THE TITLE OF THE PAINTING?
  • WHEN DID THE ARTIST CREATE THIS PAINTING?
  • Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)
  • Liberty Leading the People.1830. Musée du Louvre.Paris
  • Oil on canvas. 260 × 325 cm, 102.4 × 128.0 in
  • The French Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)
  • Liberty leading the people.
  • In 1830

WHEN WE ARE IN FRONT OF A WORK OF ART WE CAN STUDY 3 DIFFERENT STAGES

  • 1- DESCRIPTION. What do you see?
  • 2- ANALYSYS. We analyse the artistic elements:colour; line; space; composition; balance; light and contrast; technique.
  • 3- INTERPRETATION AND JUDGEMENT. What do you think?
  • DESCRIPTION. WHAT DO YOU SEE?
  • TELL THE OBJECTS, PEOPLE AND BUILDINGS YOU CAN SEE IN THE PAINTING
  • FLAG
  • WOMAN
  • PEOPLE WITH
  • WEAPONS
  • DEAD
  • PEOPLE
  • BUILDINGS BURNING
  • IN THE FOREGROUND there are…
  • We can also be very precise in the description
  • IN THE MIDDLE GROUND we can see…
  • IN THE we can see…
  • BACKGROUND
  • ANALYSIS
  • WHAT COLOURS ARE USED?
  • ARE THERE ANY SYMBOLS?
  • WHAT INCIDENTS ARE REPRESENTED?
  • HOW IS THE COMPOSITION?
  • HOW ARE
  • LINES USED?
  • IS THERE ANY DIRECTION TO THE LIGHT?
  • WHAT IS THE DOMINANT
  • FEATURE?
  • INTERPRETATION. JUDGMENT. What do you think?
  • Is it interesting? Why?
  • Do you like this painting?
  • From my point of view the artist expresses…..
  • Analyse the next sentence written by Delacroix
  • to his brother at the same time he had painted the work:
  • "My bad mood is vanishing thanks to hard work.
  • I’ve embarked on a modern subject -a barricade -.
  • And if I haven’t fought for my country at least I’ll paint for her."
  • 12th October 1830
  • Paul Gauguin. The white horse. 1898
  • Oil on canvas.
  • Dimensions: 140 x 91.5 cm
  • Gallery: Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France
  • Georges Seurat. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884–1886, at The Art Institute of Chicago.
  • Dimensions : 207’5 cm x 308 cm (81 x 121 inches).

What artistic technique is employed?

  • Watercolor,
  • Pastel,
  • Oil painting,
  • Acrylic paint,
  • Collage,
  • Gouache,
  • Wax painting,
  • Graphite pencil,
  • Ink, etc.

To what artistic mouvement does the painting belong to ?

  • Prehistoric art,
  • Egyptian art,
  • Classical (Greece and Rome),
  • Gothic art,
  • Renaissance,
  • Baroque,
  • Neo-classicism,
  • Romanticism,
  • Impressionism,
  • Fauvism,
  • Cubism,
  • Abstract art,
  • Surrealism, (artistas sugeridos: De Chirico, Dalí, Chagall, Picabia, Ernst,etc)
  • Expressionism,
  • Pop art,
  • Hyper-realism. (artistas sugeridos: Escher, Antonio López, Dennis Peterson, Reche Mora, etc.).

What is the function of this work of art?

  • Historical record,
  • religious message,
  • social or political,
  • entertainment,
  • decoration,
  • personal expression, etc.

KINDS OF PAINTINGS

  • Is it a figurative or an abstract painting?
  • If it is a figurative painting, we have different kinds:
    • Still life painting,
    • landscape painting,
    • portrait,
    • nude,
    • genre painting.

Still life painting

  • A still life (plural still lifes) is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which may be either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, or shells) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, and so on).
  • STILL LIFE HISTORY

Juan Sánchez Cotán. Still Life with Game Fowl, vegetables and fruits.

  • Juan Sánchez Cotán. Still Life with Game Fowl, vegetables and fruits.
  • Prado Museum, Madrid,1602,HernaniCollection.
  • Samuel van Hoogstraten - Still-Life
  • Between 1666 and 1668.
  • Oil on canvas
  • Height: 63cm (24.8 in). Width: 79 cm(31.1 in).
  • Vincent Van Gogh.
  • Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers. 1888.
  • Paul Cézanne. Die schwarze Marmoruhr.1869-71 54 × 73 cm (21.3 × 28.7 in)
  • Still Life with a Beer Mug, 1921, oil on canvas by Fernand Léger.

Landscapes

  • Landscape art is the depiction in art of landscapes, natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, and especially art where the main subject is a wide view, with its elements arranged into a coherent composition. In other works landscape backgrounds for figures can still form an important part of the work. Sky is almost always included in the view, and weather is often an element of the composition.
  • LANDSCAPE HISTORY
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder, The Harvesters, 1565.
  • Titian, La Vierge au Lapin à la Loupe (The Virgin of the Rabbit), 1530, Louvre, Paris. Idealized italianate landscape background.
  • Caspar David Friedrich. The Sea of Ice (1823–24),.Kunsthalle Hamburg.
  • oil painting. 127 x 97 cm.
  • Hokusai.The Great Wave off Kanagawa
  • Between 1826 and 1833. Color woodblock print. 25.7 cm × 37.8 cm

Portraits

  • Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict the visual appearance of the subject. The term is usually applied to the depiction of human subjects. In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as printing, lithography, photography, video and digital media.
  • PORTRAIT PAINTING HISTORY
  • Jan Vermeer. Young with a earring pearl(1665),
  • considered a Vermeer masterpiece.
  • Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis.
  • 46.5 × 40 cm (18.3 × 15.7 in)
  • Oil on canvas.
  • Gustave Courbet. The desperate.1843
  • Collection privée. 45 × 54.Realism.
  • selfportraits Pablo Picasso.
  • Vincent Van Gogh, Selfportrait. 1889 huile sur toile, 65/ 54,5 cm.Paris, musée d’Orsay
  • Selfportrait de Andy Warhol, 1966 sérigraphie, 171,7/ 171,7 cm           
  • Giuseppe Arcimboldo. The air. Possibly 1566. 74’4x56 cm. Oil on

Nude painting

  • A nude is a work of fine art that has as its primary subject the unclothed human body, forming a subject genre of art, in the same way as landscapes and still life.
  • Unclothed figures often also play a part in other types of art, such as history painting, including allegorical and religious art, portraits, or the decorative arts.
  • NUDE ART HISTORY
  • Laocoön and His Sons (Late Hellenistic), Vatican Museum. Late 1st century BC.
  • Francisco de Goya y Lucientes - The Nude Maja (La maja desnuda). 1797. Height:97cm, width: 190 cm. Oil painting. Prado Museum.
  • Francisco de Goya y Lucientes - The clothed maja (La maja vestida).1803. 97cm × 190cm. Prado Museum.
  • Así veía en 1814 Jacques-Louis David a Leónidas
  • Así ve hoy Hollywood a Leónidas.

Genre painting

  • Genre art is the pictorial representation of scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes. Such representations (also called genre works, genre scenes, or genre views) may be realistic or imagined by the artist.
  • STILL LIFE HISTORY

The idle servant; housemaid troubles were the subject of several of Nicolaes Maes' works.

  • The idle servant; housemaid troubles were the subject of several of Nicolaes Maes' works.
  • The young beggar, Musée du Louvre

THE MILL AND THE CROSS

  • THE MILL AND THE CROSS
  • Johannes Vermeer de Delft.
  • The Milkmaid (c. 1658)
  • Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
  • The Corn Harvest. 1565. Oil on panel. 119x162 cm. Metropolitan Museum of Arts. New York.

EJERCICIO DE ANÁLISIS DE UNA OBRA DE ARTE

  • Realizar de una Presentación oral de Power Point.
  • Realización en parejas.
  • Tiempo total de exposición de cada pareja, 5 minutos, repartidos de la siguiente manera:
  • Cada alumno tiene que hablar 2’15’’, los 30 segundos restantes son para cambiar el orden , pasar diapositivas, etc.
  • A los 5 minutos se cortará la exposición, de modo que penalizará en la nota final y os obligará a organizaros previamente.

Elección de la pintura:

  • Elección de la pintura:
  • Por estilo o movimiento artístico. En la página número 13 tenéis los estilos artísticos de la historia del arte, os recomiendo elegir a partir del Romanticismo, aunque no es obligatorio. Es mejor que no elijáis una pintura excesivamente “simple” (o sea, que parezca más fácil al no tener casi elementos), pues dispondréis de menos elementos de análisis. En cada estilo o movimiento tenéis un enlace a wikipedia para conocer algunos autores y sus características principales.
  • Por géneros artísticos. A partir de la página 15, tenéis los géneros artísticos (retrato, naturaleza muerta, etc.). Es otra forma de elegir la obra, el enlace final (por ejemplo en página 17 pone “ STILL LIFE HISTORY”) os enlaza con la Wikipedia.

FICHA DE ANÁLISIS DE UNA OBRA DE ARTE

  • http://stepfan.free.fr/dos/arts.htm
  • Cientos de enlaces de arte en francés
  • http://www.peintre-analyse.com/index.html
  • Página de arte para analizar obras de arte en varios idiomas.
  • http://www.peintre-analyse.com/index.html
  • Página para analizar obras de arte en varios idiomas.
  • http://www.painting-analysis.com/terrasseus.htm
  • Pierre Auguste Renoir : On the Terrace.1879
  • http://www.painting-analysis.com/perle.htm
  • Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring. (1665). Mona Lisa of North.


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