Official Document Verb Tenses Revised and Updated Aug – Nov 2007 Introduction



Descargar 3,32 Mb.
Página1/2
Fecha de conversión10.04.2017
Tamaño3,32 Mb.
  1   2
Official Document

Verb Tenses

Revised and Updated

Aug – Nov 2007

Introduction

A verb is a word belonging to the part of speech that usually denotes an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. Depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors, possibly including its tense, aspect, mood and voice. It may also agree with the person, gender, and/or number of some of its arguments (subject, object, etc.). The verb is the heart of a sentence. Every sentence must have a verb. Recognizing the verb is often the most important step in understanding the meaning of a sentence.

There are constantly new verbs being added to our vocabulary. This can be due to technology and new inventions, to contact with other cultures and countries, or could also be due to fossilization.

In this research, we have updated the prior version of this document by adding new verbs. We found many different verbs from a variety of resources such as dictionaries, Internet, books, magazines and much more.

This is an assignment this group did together, but not only for a grade. Our main goal is to help the English community. We hope this document becomes useful and it continues to be updated to help our future community members.

Prof. Aníbal Muñoz

Official Document- Verb tenses

Courses: 3232, 3201, 3021, 3022


REGULAR VERBS
Regular verbs form the past and past participle by adding –d or –ed to the basic form. In the following list the verbs are grouped according to the pronunciation of the –ed suffix.


  1. The –ed ending is pronounced [d]



Spanish Equivalent

Basic form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

estar de acuerdo

agree

agrees

agreeing

agreed

estar en desacuerdo

disagree

disagrees

disagreeing

disagreed

enterrar

bury

buries

burying

buried

casar (se)

marry

marries

marrying

married

estudiar

study

studies

studying

studied

preocupar(se)

worry

worries

worrying

worried

traicionar

betray

betrays

betraying

betrayed

pesar

weigh

weighs

weighing

weighed

coger prestado

borrow

borrows

borrowing

borrowed

seguir

follow

follows

following

followed

estar endeudado, deber

owe

owes

owing

owed

mascar

chew

chews

chewing

chewed

permitir

allow

allows

allowing

allowed

solicitar

apply

applies

applying

applied

llorar

cry

cries

crying

cried

negar

deny

denies

denying

denied

replicar, contestar

reply

replies

replying

replied

probar, tratar

try

tries

trying

tried

molestar

annoy

annoys

annoying

annoyed

destruir

destroy

destroys

destroying

destroyed

emplear

employ

employs

employing

employed

disfrutar de, jactarse, echárselas de

brag

brags

bragging

bragged

aprobar

approve

approves

approving

approved

Spanish Equivalent

Basic form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and Past participle

engañar

deceive

deceives

deceiving

deceived

vivir

live

lives

living

lived

probar

prove

proves

proving

proved

recibir

receive

receives

receiving

received

determinar, acordar

resolve

resolves

resolving

resolved

salvar

save

saves

saving

saved

servir

serve

serves

serving

served

resolver

solve

solves

solving

solved

aconsejar

advise

advises

advising

advised

entretener

amuse

amuses

amusing

amused

organizar

organize

organizes

organizing

organized

alabar

praise

praises

praising

praised

examinar a discípulos o clase

quiz

quizzes

quizzing

quizzed

agarra, coger

seize

seizes

seizing

seized

sorprender

surprise

surprises

surprising

surprised

utilizar, usar

use

uses

using

used

dar la palabra

pledge

pledges

pledging

pledged

dañar, averiar

damage

damages

damaging

damaged

estimular

encourage

encourages

encouraging

encouraged

describir

describe

describes

describing

described

desairar, tratar con desprecio estudiado

snub

snubs

snubbing

snubbed

aspirar a, apuntar a (con un arma)

aim

aims

aiming

aimed

soñar

dream

dreams

dreaming

dreamed*

alcanzar, lograr

attain

attains

attaining

attained

quemar

burn

burns

burning

burned*

limpiar

clean

cleans

cleaning

cleaned

amanecer

dawn

dawns

dawning

dawned

explicar

explain

explains

explaining

explained

asustar(se)

frighten

frightens

frightening

frightened

planchar

iron

irons

ironing

ironed

aprender

learn

learns

learning

learned

escuchar

listen

listens

listening

listened

abrir

open

opens

opening

opened




Spanish Equivalent

Basic form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and Past participle

planear, trazar, tramar

plan

plans

planning

planned

llover

rain

rains

raining

rained

devolver, regresar

return

returns

returning

returned

renunciar

resign

resigns

resigning

resigned

amenazar

threaten

threatens

threatening

threatened

virar, doblar

turn

turns

turning

turned

advertir, amonestar

warn

warns

warning

warned

anhelar, ansiar

long

longs

longing

longed

llamar

call

calls

calling

called

refrescar

cool

cools

cooling

cooled

llenar

fill

fills

filling

filled

echar al correo

mail

mails

mailing

mailed

halar, tirar de confundir

puzzle

puzzles

puzzling

puzzled

navegar

sail

sails

sailing

sailed

oler, aprestar

smell

smells

smelling

smelled

emocionar(se), conmover(se)

thrill

thrills

thrilling

thrilled

responder, contestar

answer

answers

answering

answered

molestar

bother

bothers

bothering

bothered

atreverse, retar

dare

dares

daring

dared

entregar, librar

deliver

delivers

delivering

delivered

lisonjear

flatter

flatters

flattering

flattered

alquilar, asalariar

hire

hires

hiring

hired

inquirir, averiguar

inquire

inquires

inquiring

inquired

ocurrir

occur

occurs

occurring

occurred

ofrecer

offer

offers

offering

offered

sudar (personas)

perspire

perspires

perspiring

perspired

prepara

prepare

prepares

preparing

prepared

exigir, requerir

require

requires

requiring

required

recordar

remember

remembers

remembering

remembered

reparar, componer

repair

repairs

repairing

repaired





Spanish Equivalent


Basic Form


-s form


-ing form


Past form and past participle

compartir

share

shares

sharing

shared

vagar

wander

wanders

wandering

wandered

maravillarse

wonder

wonders

wondering

wondered

*dreamt and burnt are also used instead of the –ed form.

Note: The following verbs are irregular in spelling, but regular in pronunciation.




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

poner, colocar

lay

lays

laying

laid

pagar

pay

pays

paying

paid

The following two verbs are regular. However, notice the peculiarity in the spelling of the –ing form.




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

morir

die

dies

dying

died

mentir

lie

lies

lying

lied



  1. The –ed ending is pronounced [t].




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

reír (se)

laugh

laughs

laughing

laughed

detener (se)

stop

stops

stopping

stopped

preguntar

ask

asks

asking

asked

hornear

bake

bakes

baking

baked

ahogar (se), asfixiar (se), tocar la puerta, tumbar

knock

knocks

knocking

knocked

gustar

like

likes

liking

liked

trancar

lock

locks

locking

locked

mirar, verse

look

looks

looking

looked

arriesgar (se)

risk

risks

risking

risked

andar

walk

walks

walking

walked

trabajar

work

works

working

worked

boxear, pelear a los puños

box

boxes

boxing

boxed

prepara, arreglar, reparar

fix

fixes

fixing

fixed

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

mezclar

mix

mixes

mixing

mixed

imponer tributos

tax

taxes

taxing

taxed

dirigir (la palabra o una carta)

address

addresses

addressing

addressed

avergonzar, poner en aprieto, desconcertar

embarrass

embarrasses

embarrassing

embarrassed

anunciar

announce

announces

announcing

announced

perseguir

chase

chases

chasing

chased

maldecir

curse

curses

cursing

cursed

aumentar

increase

increases

increasing

increased

introducir, presentar

introduce

introduces

introducing

introduced

dar una ojeada

glance

glances

glancing

glanced

pasar, aprobar

pass

passes

passing

passed

progresar

progress

progresses

progressing

progressed

prometer

promise

promises

promising

promised

dar énfasis a

stress

stresses

stressing

stressed

asombrar (se)

astonish

astonishes

astonishing

astonished

establecer

establish

establishes

establishing

established

terminar

finish

finishes

finishing

finished

empujar

push

pushes

pushing

pushed

lavar

wash

washes

washing

washed

desear

wish

wishes

wishing

wished

picar, sentir picazón

itch

itches

itching

itched

rascar, arañar, rasguñar

scratch

scratches

scratching

scratched

buscar, registrar

search

searches

searching

searched

tocar

touch

touches

touching

touched

observar

watch

watches

watching

watched



  1. The –ed ending is pronounced [id] or [ed]




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

agregar, sumar

add

adds

adding

added

ascender, subir

ascend

ascends

ascending

ascended

asistir, comparecer

attend

attends

attending

attended

evitar

avoid

avoids

avoiding

avoided

adjudicar

award

awards

awarding

awarded

abordar, estar a pupilaje

board

boards

boarding

boarded

decidir

decide

decides

deciding

decided

demandar, reclamar

demand

demands

demanding

demanded

descender, bajar

descend

descends

descending

descended

temer

dread

dreads

dreading

dreaded

evadir, eludir

evade

evades

evading

evaded

extender, alargar

extend

extends

extending

extended

palidecer, despintar (se)

fade

fades

fading

faded

fundar

found

founds

founding

founded

clasificar por grados

grade

grades

grading

graded

vigilar

guard

guards

guarding

guarded

alcanzar algo y darlo a otro

hand

hands

handing

handed

pensar hacer, proponerse

intend

intends

intending

intended

desembarcar, aterrizar

land

lands

landing

landed

cargar

load

loads

loading

loaded

remendar

mend

mends

mending

mended

necesitar

need

needs

needing

needed

ofender

offend

offends

offending

offended

aparentar, pretender

pretend

pretends

pretending

pretended

proceder, proseguir

proceed

proceeds

proceeding

proceeded

rembolsar

refund

refunds

refunding

refunded



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

soñar, tantear, sondear

sound

sounds

sounding

sounded

salir bien, tener éxito

succeed

succeeds

succeeding

succeeded

rodear

surround

surrounds

surrounding

surrounded

aceptar

accept

accepts

accepting

accepted

familiarizar (se)

acquiant

acquaints

acquainting

acquainted

admitir

admit

admits

admitting

admitted

intentar, atentar

attempt

attempts

attempting

attempted

atraer

attract

attracts

attracting

attracted

batear

bat

bats

batting

batted

jactarse, hacer alarde

boast

boasts

boasting

boasted

felicitar

compliment

compliments

complimenting

complimented

contar, numerar

count

counts

counting

counted

crear

create

creates

creating

created

cultivar

cultivate

cultivates

cultivating

cultivated

datar, fechar, salir con

date

dates

dating

dated

dedicar (se)

dedicate

dedicates

dedicating

dedicated

dedicar (se), consagrar (se)

devote

devotes

devoting

devoted

dirigir, encaminar, mandar

direct

directs

directing

directed

desilusionar, decepcionar

disappoint

disappoints

disappointing

disappointed

dudar

doubt

doubts

doubting

doubted

educar

educate

educates

educating

educated

graduar (se)

graduate

graduates

graduating

graduated

parar (se), hacer un alto

halt

halts

halting

halted

odiar

hate

hates

hating

hated

cazar, buscar

hunt

hunts

hunting

hunted

ilustrar

illustrate

illustrates

illustrating

illustrated

habitar, vivir en

inhabit

inhabits

inhabiting

inhabited

inyectar (se)

inject

injects

injecting

injected

instruir

instruct

instructs

instructing

instructed

interesar (se)

interest

interests

interesting

interested

invertir

invest

invests

investing

invested



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form and past participle

apuntar, tomar, notar

jot

jots

jotting

jotted

durar,

continuar



last

lasts

lasting

lasted

alzar, elevar, levantar

lift

lifts

lifting

lifted

derretir, disolver

melt

melts

melting

melted

narrar, contar

narrate

narrates

narrating

narrated

objetar

object

objects

objecting

objected

omitir

omit

omits

omitting

omitted

pintar

paint

paints

painting

painted

sembrar

plant

plants

planting

planted

señalar

point

points

pointing

pointed

situar, pegar o fijar (carteles)

post

posts

posting

posted

imprimir

print

prints

printing

printed

sacar provecho

profit

profits

profiting

profited

fomentar, promover, ascender

promote

promotes

promoting

promoted

arrepentir (se)

regret

regrets

regretting

regretted

relacionar (se)

relate

relates

relating

related

alquilar

rent

rents

renting

rented

pedir, solicitar

request

requests

requesting

requested

descansar, reposar

rest

rests

resting

rested

resultar

result

results

resulting

resulted

asar

roast

roasts

roasting

roasted

mover (se), cambiar (se) de sitio

shift

shifts

shifting

shifted

gritar, vocear

shout

shouts

shouting

shouted

patinar

skate

skates

skating

skated

empezar

start

starts

starting

started

someter

subject

subjects

subjecting

subjected

restar

subtract

subtracts

subtracting

subtracted

sugerir

suggest

suggests

suggesting

suggested

sudar

sweat

sweats

sweating

sweat (ed)

saborear

taste

tastes

tasting

tasted

tostar

toast

toasts

toasting

toasted

negociar, canjear

trade

trades

trading

traded

confiar (en)

trust

trusts

trusting

trusted

esperar

wait

waits

waiting

waited

desear

want

wants

wanting

wanted

desperdiciar

waste

wastes

wasting

wasted


IRREGULAR VERBS
A verb is irregular when its past and past participle is not formed by adding -d or –ed. Some irregular verbs have three different forms for the basic, past, and past participle. Others have only two different forms, while still others have only one form. In the following list, the verbs are grouped according to the number of forms for these three principal parts.
I. Three forms: The basic, past, and past participle forms are different.


Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

empezar

begin

begins

beginning

began

begun

tomar(beber)

drink

drinks

drinking

drank

drunk

sonar,tocar

ring

rings

ringing

rang

rung

encoger

shrink

shrinks

shrinking

shrank

shrunk

cantar

sing

sings

singing

sang

sung

hundir(se)

sink

sinks

sinking

sank

sunk

nadar

swim

swims

swimming

swam

swum

volar

fly

flies

flying

flew

flown

soplar

blow

blows

blowing

blew

blown

crecer

grow

grows

growing

grew

grown

saber,conocer

know

knows

knowing

knew

known

tirar, echar

throw

throws

throwing

threw

thrown

dibujar

draw

draws

drawing

drew

drawn

jurar

swear

swears

swearing

swore

sworn

rasgar

tear

tears

tearing

tore

torn

usar(en el

cuerpo)


wear

wears

wearing

wore

worn

recostar(se)

lie

lies

lying

lay

lain

olvidar

forget

forgets

forgetting

forgot

forgotten(forgot)

adquirir

get

gets

getting

got

gotten(got)

romper

break

breaks

breaking

broke

broken

escoger

choose

chooses

choosing

chose

chosen

helar,congelar

freeze

freezes

freezing

froze

frozen

robar

steal

steals

stealing

stole

stolen

hablar

speak

speaks

speaking

spoke

spoken

hilar,tejer

weave

weaves

weaving

wove

woven

manejar,guiar

drive

drives

driving

drove

driven

levantar(se)

rise

rises

rising

rose

risen

montar,pasear

ride

rides

riding

rode

ridden

escribir

write

writes

writing

wrote

written

morder

bite

bites

biting

bit

bitten

esconder

hide

hides

hiding

hid

hidden

comer

eat

eats

eating

ate

eaten

caer

fall

falls

falling

fell

fallen

perdonar

forgive

forgives

forgiving

forgave

forgiven

dar

give

gives

giving

gave

given

ver

see

sees

seeing

saw

seen

sacudir

shake

shakes

shaking

shook

shaken

llevar

take

takes

taking

took

taken

ser,estar

be(am, are)

is

being

was, were

been

hacer

do

does

doing

did

done

ir

go

goes

going

went

gone




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

coser, demostrar,


sew

sews

sewing

sewed

sewed(sewn)

enseñar

show

shows

showing

showed

shown(showed)

tejer con dos

agujas


knit

knits

knitting

knit(knitted)

knitted(knit)

correr a veloci-

dad,acelerar



speed

speeds

speeding

sped(speeded)

speeded(sped)




  1. Two forms




    1. The past and past participle forms are the same, but they are different from the basic form.




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

amarrar,

encuadernar



bind

binds

binding

bound

bound

encontrar

find

finds

finding

found

found

moler

grind

grinds

grinding

ground

ground

dar cuerda

wind

winds

winding

wound

wound

sangrar

bleed

bleeds

bleeding

bled

bled

alimentar

feed

feeds

feeding

fed

fed

huir

flee

flees

fleeing

fled

fled

guiar,dirigir,

conducir


lead

leads

leading

led

led

leer

read

reads

reading

read

read

aguantar

hold

holds

holding

held

held

parar(se)

stand

stands

standing

stood

stood

entender

understand

understand

understanding

understood

understood

doblar

bend

bends

bending

bent

bent

prestar

lend

lends

lending

lent

lent

enviar

send

sends

sending

sent

sent

gastar

spend

spends

spending

spent

spent

construir

build

builds

building

built

built

encontrarse,

conocerse



meet

meets

meeting

met

met

disparar

shoot

shoots

shooting

shot

shot

sentar(se)

sit

sits

sitting

sat

sat

buscar

seek

seeks

seeking

sought

sought

pelear

fight

fights

fighting

fought

fought

pelear, traer

bring

brings

bringing

brought

brought

comprar

buy

buys

buying

bought

bought

pensar

think

thinks

thinking

thought

thought

coger,agarrar

catch

catches

catching

caught

caught

enseñar

teach

teaches

teaching

taught

taught

significar

mean

means

meaning

meant

meant

tratar,negociar

deal

deals

dealing

dealt

dealt

sentir

feel

feels

feeling

felt

felt

guardar,quedar-

se con


keep

keeps

keeping

kept

kept

dormir

sleep

sleeps

sleeping

slept

slept

barrer

sweep

sweeps

sweeping

swept

swept

abandoner,dejar

salir de


leave

leaves

leaving

left

left

perder

lose

loses

losing

lost

lost

decir

say

says

saying

said

said

oir

hear

hears

hearing

heard

heard

vender

sell

sells

selling

sold

sold

contar,decir,

narrar


tell

tells

telling

told

told

tener,haber

have

has

having

had

had

hacer,construir

make

makes

making

made

made

arrojar,tirar

fling

flings

flinging

flung

flung

cavar

dig

digs

digging

dug

dug

golpear,azotar

strike

strikes

striking

struck

*struck

ganar en competencias

win

wins

winning

won

won



    1. The basic and the past forms are the same, but they are different from the past participle.




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

derrotar, batir

beat

beats

beating

beat

beat



    1. The basic and the past participle forms are the same, but are different from the past




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

convertirse(en)

become

becomes

becoming

became

become

venir

come

comes

coming

came

come

correr

run

runs

running

ran

run



  1. One form : The basic, past, and past participle forms are the same.




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

apostar

bet

bets

betting

bet

bet

ofrecer (en una

subasta)


bid

bids

bidding

bid

bid

reventar

burst

bursts

bursting

burst

burst

costar

cost

costs

costing

cost

cost

cortar

cut

cuts

cutting

cut

cut

golpear,

pegar a


hit

hits

hitting

hit

hit

lastimar

hurt

hurts

hurting

hurt

hurt

permitir

let

lets

letting

let

let

colocar(poner)

put

puts

putting

put

put

cesar,dejar de

hacer


quit

quits

quitting

quit

quit

fijar, poner

mesa


set

sets

setting

set

set

cerrar

shut

shuts

shutting

shut

shut

escupir

spit

spits

spitting

spit

spit

esparcir

spread

spreads

spreading

spread

spread

mojar

wet

wets

wetting

wet

wet

The following verbs are irregular only in spelling laid


Spanish

Equivalent

Basic

Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past Participle

poner,colocar

lay

lays

laying

laid

laid

pagar

pay

pays

paying

paid

paid

morir

die

dies

dying

died

died

mentir

lie

lies

lying

lied

lied

atar,amarrar

tie

ties

tying

tied

tied

*stricken – for diseases and disasters



SUMMARY OF REGULAR AND

IRREGULAR VERBS
A


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

abandonar

abandon

abandons

abandoning

abandoned

abandoned

bajar

abase

abases

abasing

abased

abased

ser menos

abate

abates

abating

abated

abated

abreviar

abbreviate

abbreviates

abbreviating

abbreviated

abbreviated

rendirse

abdicate

abdicates

abdicating

abdicated

abdicated

secuestrar

abduct

abducts

abducting

abducted

abducted

ayudar

abet

abets

abetting

abetted

abetted

encogerse por disgusto

abhor

abhors

abhorring

abhorred

abhorred

permanecer

abide

abides

abiding

abided

abided

renunciar, rendirse

abjure

abjures

abjuring

abjured

abjured

remover

ablate

ablates

ablating

ablated

ablated

renunciar por voluntad

abnegate

abnegates

abnegating

abnegated

abnegated

refugiar

abode

abodes

abiding

abided

abided

abominar

abominate

abominates

abominating

abominated

abominated

suspender, abortar

abort

aborts

aborting

aborted

aborted

enriquecer

abound

abounds

abounding

abounded

abounded

raspar

abrade

abrades

abrading

abraded

abraded

acortar

abridge

abridges

abridging

abridged

abridged

repeler con autoridad

abrogate

abrogates

abrogating

abrogated

abrogated

huir rápido y en silencio

abscond

absconds

absconding

absconded

absconded

ausentarse

absent

absents

absenting

absented

absented

librar de culpas

absolve

absolves

absolving

absolved

absolved

absorber

absorb

absorbs

absorbing

absorbed

absorbed



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

dejar de hacer

abstain

abstains

abstaining

abstained

abstained

abstraer

abstract

abstracts

abstracting

abstracted

abstracted

abusar

abuse

abuses

abusing

abused

abused

bordar, emarcar

abut

abuts

abutting

abutted

abutted

acceder

accede

accedes

acceding

acceded

acceded

acelerar

accelerate

accelerates

accelerating

accelerated

accelerated

acentuar

accent

accents

accenting

accented

accented

acentuar

accentuate

accentuates

accentuating

accentuated

accentuated

accesar

access

accesses

accessing

accessed

accessed

aceptar

accept

accepts

accepting

accepted

accepted

familiarizar(se)

acquaint

acquaints

acquainting

acquainted

acquainted

agregar, sumar

add

adds

adding

added

added

dirigir(la palabra

o una carta)



address

addresses

addressing

addressed

addressed

admitir

admit

admits

admitting

admitted

admitted

aconsejar

advise

advises

advising

advised

advised

estar de acuerdo

agree

agrees

agreeing

agreed

agreed

aspirar a, apuntar

(con un arma)



aim

aims

aiming

aimed

aimed



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

aclamar

acclaim

acclaims

acclaiming

acclaimed

acclaimed

aclimatar

acclimate

acclimates

acclimating

acclimated

acclimated

ambientar

acclimatize

acclimatizes

acclimatizing

acclimatized

acclimatized

acomodar

accommodate

accommodates

accommodating

accommodated

accommodated

acompañar

accompany

accompanies

accompanying

accompanied

accompanied

acordar

accord

accords

according

accorded

accorded

hablar acosando

accost

accosts

accosting

accosted

accosted

auspiciar

account

accounts

accounting

accounted

accounted

equipar

accouter

accouters

accoutering

accoutered

accoutered

acreditar

accredit

accredits

accrediting

accredited

accredited

crecimiento periódico

accrue

accrues

accruing

accrued

accrued

aculturar

acculturate

acculturates

acculturating

acculturated

acculturated

acumular

accumulate

accumulates

accumulating

accumulated

accumulated

acusar

accuse

accuses

accusing

accused

accused

acostumbrar

accustom

accustoms

accustoming

accustomed

accustomed

completar, lograr

achieve

achieves

achieving

achieved

achieved

hacer ácido

acidify

acidifies

acidifying

acidified

acidified

reconocer

acknowledge

acknowledges

acknowledging

acknowledged

acknowledged

asentir sin entusiasmo

acquiesce

acquiesces

acquiescing

acquiesced

acquiesced

adquirir

acquire

acquires

acquiring

acquired

acquired

liberar

acquit

acquits

acquitting

acquitted

acquitted

actuar

act

acts

acting

acted

acted

activar

activate

activates

activating

activated

activated

actualizar

actualize

actualizes

actualizing

actualized

actualized

poner en acción

actuate

actuates

actuating

actuated

actuated

adaptar

adapt

adapts

adapting

adapted

adapted

volverse adicto

addict

addicts

addicting

addicted

addicted

dar razón

adduce

adduces

adducing

adduced

adduced

adherir

adhere

adheres

adhering

adhered

adhered

adjuntar

adjoin

adjoins

adjoining

adjoined

adjoined

agregar, sumar

add

adds

adding

added

added

admitir

admit

admits

admitting

admitted

admitted

aconsejar

advise

advises

advising

advised

advised

estar de acuerdo

agree

agrees

agreeing

agreed

agreed

aspirar a, apuntar

(con un arma)



aim

aims

aiming

aimed

aimed

suspender

adjourn

adjourns

adjourning

adjourned

adjourned

juzgar

adjudge

adjudges

adjudging

adjudged

adjudged

jurar

adjure

adjures

adjuring

adjured

adjured

ajustar

adjust

adjusts

adjusting

adjusted

adjusted

improviser

adlib

adlibs

adlibbing

adlibbed

adlibbed

manejar, dirigir

administer

administers

administering

administered

administered

administrar

administrate

administrates

administrating

administrated

administrated

admirar

admire

admires

admiring

admired

admired

advertir

admonish

admonishes

admonishing

admonished

admonished

adoptar

adopt

adopts

adopting

adopted

adopted

adorar

adore

adores

adoring

adored

adored

adornar

adorn

adorns

adorning

adorned

adorned

adulterar

adulterate

adulterates

adulterating

adulterated

adulterated

resumir

adumbrate

adumbrates

adumbrating

adumbrated

adumbrated

avanzar, proseguir

advance

advances

advancing

advanced

advanced

ventaja

advantage

advantages

advantaging

advantaged

advantaged

llamar la atención

advert

adverts

adverting

adverted

adverted

abogar

advocate

advocates

advocating

advocated

advocated

condensar

aerate

aerates

aerating

aerated

aerated

afectar

affect

affects

affecting

affected

affected

afiliar

affiliate

affiliates

affiliating

affiliated

affiliated

afirmar

affirm

affirms

affirming

affirmed

affirmed

afligir

afflict

afflicts

afflicting

afflicted

afflicted

comprar

afford

affords

affording

afforded

afforded

afrontar

affront

affronts

affronting

affronted

affronted

envejecer

age

ages

aging

aged

aged

aglomerar

agglomerate

agglomerates

agglomerating

agglomerated

agglomerated

aglutinar

agglutinate

agglutinates

agglutinating

agglutinated

agglutinated



















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

engrandecer

aggrandize

aggrandizes

aggrandizing

aggrandized

aggrandized

agravar

aggravate

aggravates

aggravating

aggravated

aggravated

agregar

aggregate

aggregates

aggregating

aggregated

aggregated

ofender

aggrieve

aggrieves

aggrieving

aggrieved

aggrieved

agitar

agitate

agitates

agitating

agitated

agitated

agonizar

agonize

agonizes

agonizing

agonized

agonized

transmitir (tv, radio)

air

airs

airing

aired

aired

pintar a fuerza de aire

air brush

air brushes

air brushing

air brushed

air brushed

enviar por avión

air freight

air freights

air freighting

air freighted

air freighted

alarmar

alarm

alarms

alarming

alarmed

alarmed

alertar

alert

alerts

alerting

alerted

alerted

desmontar, bajar de

alight

alights

alighting

alighted

alighted

alinear

align

aligns

aligning

aligned

aligned

aliviar, mejorar

alleviate

alleviates

alleviating

alleviated

alleviated

separar con propósito

allocate

allocates

allocating

allocated

allocated

distribuir en porciones

allot

allots

allotting

allotted

allotted

aludir

allude

alludes

alluding

alluded

alluded

encanto

allure

allures

alluring

allured

allured

aliar, unir

ally

allies

allying

allied

allied

ordenar alfabéticamente

alphabetize

alphabetizes

alphabetizing

alphabetized

alphabetized

alterar

alter

alters

altering

altered

altered

alternar

alternate

alternates

alternating

alternated

alternated

mezclar

amalgamate

amalgamates

amalgamating

amalgamated

amalgamated

asombro, impresionar

amaze

amazes

amazing

amazed

amazed

apilar, juntar

amass

amasses

amassing

amassed

amassed

mover con cadencia

amble

ambles

ambling

ambled

ambled

improvisar

ameliorate

ameliorates

ameliorating

ameliorated

ameliorated

corregir, enmendar

amend

amends

amending

amended

amended


















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

perdonar

amnesty

amnesties

amnestying

amnestied

amnestied

pagar a plazos

amortize

amortizes

amortizing

amortized

amortized

sumar total

amount

amounts

amounting

amounted

amounted

amputar

amputate

amputates

amputating

amputated

amputated

explicar con analogía

analogize

analogizes

analogizing

analogized

analogized

analizar

analyze

analyzes

analyzing

analyzed

analyzed

anesteciar

anesthetize

anesthetizes

anesthetizing

anesthetized

anesthetized

pescar oportunidad

angle

angles

angling

angled

angled

cambiar a lo anglo

anglicize

anglicizes

anglicizing

anglicized

anglicized

animar

animate

animates

animating

animated

animated

aniquilar

annihilate

annihilates

annihilating

annihilated

annihilated

anotar

annotate

annotates

annotating

annotated

annotated

anunciar

announce

announces

announcing

announced

announced

hacer nulo

annul

annuls

annulling

annulled

annulled

unjir

anoint

anoints

anointing

anointed

anointed

antagonizar, enemistar

antagonize

antagonizes

antagonizing

antagonized

antagonized

hacer antología

anthologize

anthologizes

anthologizing

anthologized

anthologized

anticipar

anticipate

anticipates

anticipating

anticipated

anticipated

hacer viejo, obsoleto

antiquate

antiquates

antiquating

antiquated

antiquated

disculparse

apologize

apologizes

apologizing

apologized

apologized

apostatar

apostatize

apostatizes

apostatizing

apostatized

apostatized

horrorizar

appall

appalls

appalling

appalled

appalled

apelar

appeal

appeals

appealing

appealed

appealed

aparecer

appear

appears

appearing

appeared

appeared

atachar

append

appends

appending

appended

appended

aplaudir

applaud

applauds

applauding

applauded

applauded

nombrar

appoint

appoints

appointing

appointed

appointed

contraponer

appose

apposes

apposing

apposed

apposed

poner precio

apprise

apprises

apprising

apprised

apprised

capturar

apprehend

apprehends

apprehending

apprehended

apprehended



















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

aproximar

approach

approaches

approaching

approached

approached

arbitrar

arbitrate

arbitrates

arbitrating

arbitrated

arbitrated

discuitir

argue

argues

arguing

argued

argued

armar

armor

armors

armoring

armored

armored

levantar

arise

arises

arising

arose

arisen

equiparse con arma

arm

arms

arming

armed

armed

levantarse, despertarse

arouse

arouses

arousing

aroused

aroused

responder

arraign

arraigns

arraigning

arraigned

arraigned

arreglar

arrange

arranges

arranging

arranged

arranged

ordenar

array

arrays

arraying

arrayed

arrayed

arrestar

arrest

arrests

arresting

arrested

arrested

llegar

arrive

arrives

arriving

arrived

arrived

reclamar sin derecho

arrogate

arrogates

arrogating

arrogated

arrogated

subir, ascender

ascend

ascends

ascending

ascended

ascended

ascertar

ascertain

ascertains

ascertaining

ascertained

ascertained

pertenecer a algo o alguien

ascribe

ascribes

ascribing

ascribed

ascribed

asfaltar

asphalt

asphalts

asphalting

asphalted

asphalted

sofocar

asphyxiate

asphyxiates

asphyxiating

asphyxiated

asphyxiated

aspirar aire

aspirate

aspirates

aspirating

aspirated

aspirated

ambicionar

aspire

aspires

aspiring

aspired

aspired

atacar

assail

assails

assailing

assailed

assailed

asesinar

assassinate

assassinates

assassinating

assassinated

assassinated

asaltar, robar

assault

assaults

assaulting

assaulted

assaulted

montar, construir

assemble

assembles

assembling

assembled

assembled

consentir, aceptar

assent

assents

assenting

assented

assented

mantener y defender

assert

asserts

asserting

asserted

asserted

probar, juzgar validez

assess

assesses

assessing

assessed

assessed

aseverar

asseverate

asseverates

asseverating

asseverated

asseverated

















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

asignar

assign

assigns

assigning

assigned

assigned

asimilar

assimilate

assimilates

assimilating

assimilated

assimilated

asistir

assist

assists

assisting

assisted

assisted

separar por clases

assort

assorts

assorting

assorted

assorted

asumir

assume

assumes

assuming

assumed

assumed

asegurar

assure

assures

assuring

assured

assured

arrepentirse

atone

atones

atoning

atoned

atoned

adjuntar

attach

attaches

attaching

attached

attached

atacar

attack

attacks

attacking

attacked

attacked

diluir

attenuate

attenuates

attenuating

attenuated

attenuated

testificar

attest

attests

attesting

attested

attested

vestir elegante

attire

attires

attiring

attired

attired

atribuir

attribute

attributes

attributing

attributed

attributed

harmonizar

attune

attunes

attuning

attuned

attuned

subastar

auction

auctions

auctioning

auctioned

auctioned

auditar

audit

audits

auditing

audited

audited

aumento

augment

augments

augmenting

augmented

augmented

probar como genuino

authenticate

authenticates

authenticating

authenticated

authenticated

autorizar

authorize

authorizes

authorizing

authorized

authorized

automatizar

automate

automates

automating

automated

automated

ser útil

avail

avails

availing

availed

availed

vengar

avenge

avenges

avenging

avenged

avenged

declare truth

aver

avers

averring

averred

averred

voltear, prevenir

avert

averts

averting

averted

averted

reconocer públicamente

avow

avows

avowing

avowed

avowed

aguardar

await

awaits

awaiting

awaited

awaited

levantar

awake

awakes

awaking

awaked

awoken

B


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

pecar

backslide

backslides

backsliding

backslid

backslidden/backslid

hornear

bake

bakes

baking

baked

baked

batear

bat

bats

batting

batted

batted

ser, estar

be (am, are)

is

being

was, were

been

de llevar

bear

bears

bearing

bore

born/borne

derrotar, batir

beat

beats

beating

beat

beaten




convertirse(en)

become

becomes

becoming

became

become




ocurrir,suceder

befall

befalls

befalling

befell

befallen




empezar

begin

begins

beginning

began

begun




poseer algo

behold

beholds

beholding

beheld

beheld




creer

believe

believes

believing

believed

believed




doblar (se)

bend

bends

bending

bent

bent




una pérdida (muerte)

bereave

bereaves

bereaving

bereaved

bereaved/bereft




pedir con urgencia

beseech

beseeches

beseeching

besought

besought




atacar constantemente

beset

besets

besetting

beset

beset




apostar

bet

bets

betting

bet

bet




traicionar

betray

betrays

betraying

betrayed

betrayed




ofrecer (en una

subasta )



bid

bids

bidding

bid

bid




amarrar,

encuadernar



bind

binds

binding

bound

bound




morder

bite

bites

biting

bit

bitten




sangrar

bleed

bleeds

bleeding

bled

bled




soplar

blow

blows

blowing

blew

blown




abordar, estar en

un pupilaje



board

boards

boarding

boarded

boarded




jactarse, hacer

alarde


boast

boasts

boasting

boasted

boasted




cojer prestado

borrow

borrows

borrowing

borrowed

borrowed




boxear, pelear a

los puños



box

boxes

boxing

boxed

boxed





Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

jactarse,

echársela de



brag

brags

bragging

bragged

bragged

romper

break

breaks

breaking

broke

broken

reproducir

breed

breeds

breeding

bred

bred

traer

bring

brings

bringing

brought

brought

transmitir radio o televisión

broadcast

broadcasts

broadcasting

broadcast/broadcasted

broadcast/broadcasted

intimidar

browbeat

browbeats

browbeating

browbeat

browbeaten/browbeat

construir

build

builds

building

built

built

quemar

burn

burns

burning

burnt/burned

burnt/burned

explotar

burst

bursts

bursting

burst

burst

enterrar

bury

buries

burying

buried

buried

romper con fuerza

bust

busts

busting

bust

bust

comprar

buy

buys

buying

bought

bought



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Past Participle

mover en riversa

back

backs

backing

backed

asar

bake

bakes

baking

baked

mantener en equilibrio

balance

balances

balancing

balanced

prohibir

ban

bans

banning

banned

cerrar violentamente

bang

bangs

banging

banged

revelar; destapar

bare

bares

baring

bared

batear

bat

bats

batting

batted

bañarse

bathe

bathes

bathing

bathed

pelear en una batalla

battle

battles

battling

battled

alumbrar

beam

beams

beaming

beamed

pedir; rogar

beg

begs

begging

begged

comportarse de manera particular

behave

behaves

behaving

behaved

pertenecer

belong

belongs

belonging

belonged

remover color

bleach

bleaches

bleaching

bleached

bendecir

bless

blesses

blessing

blessed

no dejar ver

blind

blinds

blinding

blinded

pestañar, parpadear

blink

blinks

blinking

blinked

manchar

blot

blots

blotting

blotted

sonrrojarse

blush

blushes

blushing

blushed

hablar con orgullo

boast

boasts

boasting

boasted

hervir

boil

boils

boiling

boiled

hablar impulsivamente

bolt

bolts

bolting

bolted

atacar, bombardear

bomb

bombs

bombing

bombed

registrar

book

books

booking

booked

causar aburrimiento

bore

bores

boring

bored

coger prestado

borrow

borrows

borrowing

borrowed

saltar

bounce

bounces

bouncing

bounced

doblar hacía abajo para saludar

bow

bows

bowing

bowed

empacar

box

boxes

boxing

boxed

frenar

brake

brakes

braking

braked

herir

bruise

bruises

bruising

bruised

peinar

brush

brushes

brushing

brushed

formar burbujas

bubble

bubbles

bubbling

bubbled

chocar con

bump

bumps

bumping

bumped

enterrar

bury

buries

burying

buried

hacer ruido (zumbido)

buzz

buzzes

buzzing

buzzed



C


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

llamar

call

calls

calling

called

called

coger, agarrar

catch

catches

catching

caught

caught

perseguir

chase

chases

chasing

chased

chased

mascar

chew

chews

chewing

chewed

chewed

ahogar(se),

asfixiar(se)



choke

chokes

choking

choked

choked

escoger

choose

chooses

choosing

chose

chosen

limpiar

clean

cleans

cleaning

cleaned

cleaned

venir

come

comes

coming

came

come

decir un cumplido

compliment

compliments

complimenting

complimented

complimented

refrescar

cool

cools

cooling

cooled

cooled

costar

cost

costs

costing

cost

cost

contar,numerar

count

counts

counting

counted

counted

crear

create

creates

creating

created

created

llorar

cry

cries

crying

cried

cried

cultivar

cultivate

cultivates

cultivating

cultivated

cultivated

maldecir

curse

curses

cursing

cursed

cursed

cortar

cut

cuts

cutting

cut

cut


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and
Past Participle

cacarear

cackle

cackles

cackling

cackled

calcular

calculate

calculates

calculating

calculated

calibrar

calibrate

calibrates

calibrating

calibrated

llamar

call

calls

calling

called

calmar

calm

calms

calming

calmed

camuflajear

camouflage

camouflages

camouflaging

camouflaged

cancelar

cancel

cancels

canceling

canceled

canibalizar

cannibalize

cannibalizes

cannibalizing

cannibalized

capitular

capitulate

capitulates

capitulating

capitulated

capturar

capture

captures

capturing

captured

carbonizar

carbonize

carbonizes

carbonizing

carbonized

cardar

card

cards

carding

carded

cuidar

care (for)

cares

caring

cared

cargar

carry

carries

carrying

carried

coger, agarrar

catch

catches

catching

caught

certificar

certify

certifies

certifying

certified

cambiar

change

changes

changing

changed

calcinar

char

chars

charring

charred

caracterizar

characterize

characterizes

characterizing

characterized

cobrar

charge

charges

charging

charged

perseguir

chase

chases

chasing

chased

charlar

chat

chats

chatting

chatted

chacharear

chatter

chatters

chattering

chattered

charlatanear

chatter away

chatters

chattering

chattered

mascar

chew

chews

chewing

chewed

chequear

check

checks

checking

checked

cincelar

chisel

chisels

chiseling

chiseled

ahogar(se),

asfixiar(se)



choke

chokes

choking

choked

escoger

choose

chooses

choosing

chose

coreografiar

choreograph

choreographs

choreographing

choreographed

corear (cantar)

chorus

choruses

chorusing

chorused

cinchar

cinch (a horse)

cinches

cinching

cinched

circular

circulate

circulates

circulating

circulated

cicuncidar

circumcise

circumcises

circumcising

circumcised

circunscribir

circumscribe

circumscribe

circumscribing

circumscribed

civilizar

civilize

civilizes

civilizing

civilized

clamar

clamor

clamors

clamoring

clamored

clarificar

clarify

clarifies

clarifying

clarified

clasificar

classify

classifies

classifying

classified

limpiar

clean

cleans

cleaning

cleaned

clarear

clear

clears

clearing

cleared

chasquear

click(tongue)

clicks

clicking

clicked

clausurar/ cerrar

close

closes

closing

closed

clocar

cluck

clucks

clucking

clucked

coagular

coagulate

coagulates

coagulating

coagulated

coaccionar

coerce

coerces

coercing

coerced

codificar

codify

codifies

codifying

codified

coexistir

coexist

coexists

coexisting

coexisted

cohabitar

cohabit

cohabits

cohabiting

cohabited

coincidir

coincide

coincides

coinciding

coincided

colaborar

collaborate

collaborates

collaborating

collaborated

colapsar

collapse

collapses

collapsing

collapsed

compaginar

collate

collates

collating

collated

coleccionar

collect(to keep

a collection)



collects

collecting


collected


chocar

collide

collides

colliding

collided

colonizar

colonize

colonizes

colonizing

colonized

colorear

color

colors

coloring

colored

combinar

combine

combines

combining

combined

venir


come

comes

coming

came

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and

Past Participle

confortar

comfort

comforts

comforting

comforted

conmemorar

commemorate

commemorates

commemorating

commemorated

capitanear, dar comandos

command

commands

commanding

commanded

comentar

comment

comments

commenting

commented

comercializar

commercialize

commercializes

commercializing

commercialized

cometer

commit

commits

committing

committed

comisionar

commission

commissions

commissioning

commissioned

comunicar

communicate

communicates

communicating

communicated

compactar

compact

compacts

compacting

compacted

comparar

compare

compares

comparing

compared

compelar

compel

compels

compelling

compelled

compensar

compensate

compensates

compensating

compensated

competir

compete

competes

competing

competed

compilar

compile

compiles

compiling

compiled

complementar

complement

complements

complementing

complemented

completar

complete

completes

completing

completed

complicar

complicate

complicates

complicating

complicated

decir un cumplido

compliment

compliments

complimenting

complimented

comprimir

compress

compresses

compressing

compressed

comprometer

compromise

compromises

compromising

compromised

concebir

conceive

conceives

conceiving

conceived

concentrar

concentrate

concentrates

concentrating

concentrated

concernir

concern

concerns

concerning

concerned

conciliar

conciliate

conciliates

conciliating

conciliated

concluir

conclude

concludes

concluding

concluded

converger

concur (on)

concurs

concurring

concurred

condenar

condemn

condemns

condemning

condemned

condensar

condense

condenses

condensing

condensed

condescender

condescend

condescends

condescending

condescended

condicionar

condition

conditions

conditioning

conditioned

confederarse

confederate

confederates

confederating

confederated

confesar

confess

confesses

confessing

confessed

confinar

confine

confines

confining

confined

confirmar

confirm

confirms

confirming

confirmed

confiscar

confiscate

confiscates

confiscating

confiscated

confrontar

confront

confronts

confronting

confronted

confundir

confuse

confuses

confusing

confused

felicitar

congratulate

congratulates

congratulating

congratulated

congregar

congregate

congregates

congregating

congregated

conjugar

conjugate

conjugates

conjugating

conjugated

conectar

connect

connects

connecting

connected

concursar

contest

contests

contesting

contested

confluir

converge

converges

converging

converged

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and

Past Participle

refrescar

cool

cools

cooling

cooled

costar

cost

costs

costing

cost

cocer

cook

cooks

cooking

cooked

cocinar

cook

cooks

cooking

cooked

conquistar

conquer

conquers

conquering

conquered

consentir

consent

consents

consenting

consented

considerar

consider

considers

considering

considered

consistir de

consist

consists

consisting

consisted

consolar

console

consoles

consoling

consoled

consolidar

consolidate

consolidates

consolidating

consolidated

conspirar

conspire

conspires

conspiring

conspired

constituir

constitute

constitutes

constituting

constituted

consultar

consult

consults

consulting

consulted

consumar

consummate

consummates

consummating

consummated

consumir

consume

consumes

consuming

consumed

contactar

contact

contacts

contacting

contacted

contar

count

counts

counting

counted

contemplar

contemplate

contemplates

contemplating

contemplated

contender

contend

contends

contending

contended

contener

contain

contains

containing

contained

continuar

continue

continues

continuing

continued

contradecir

contradict

contradicts

contradicting

contradicted

contraer una

enfermedad



contract

(a disease)



contracts

contracting

contracted

contrastar

contrast

contrasts

contrasting

contrasted

contribuir

contribute

contributes

contributing

contributed

controlar

control

controls

controlling

controlled

convencer

convince

convinces

convincing

convinced

convertir

convert

converts

converting

converted

convocar

convoke

convokes

convoking

convoked

cooperar

cooperate

cooperates

cooperating

cooperated

coordinar

coordinate

coordinates

coordinating

coordinated

corromper

corrupt

corrupts

corrupting

corrupted

costar

cost

costs

costing

cost

cotejar, comparar

compare

compares

comparing

compared

contar,enumerar

count

counts

counting

counted

contrarrestar

counteract

counteracts

counteracting

counteracted

contrabalancear

counterbalance

counterbalances

counterbalancing

counterbalanced

cortejar(enamorar)

court

courts

courting

courted

crear

create

creates

creating

created

cremar

cremate

cremates

cremating

cremated

crepitar

crackle

crackles

crackling

crackled

crear

create

creates

creating

created

criticar

criticize

criticizes

criticizing

criticized

croar

croak

croaks

croaking

croaked

cruzar

cross

crossed

crossing

crossed

coronar

crown

crowns

crowning

crowned

crucificar

crucify

crucifies

crucifying

crucified

crujir

crunch

crunches

crunching

crunched

llorar

cry

cries

crying

cried

cristalizar

crystallize

crystallizes

crystallizing

crystallized

cuajar

curdle

curdles

curdling

curdled

cultivar

cultivate

cultivates

cultivating

cultivated

maldecir

curse

curses

cursing

cursed

cortar

cut

cuts

cutting

cut


D


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

dañar, averiar

damage

damages

damaging

damaged

damaged

atreverse, retar

dare

dares

daring

dared

dared

datar, fechar,

salir con



date

dates

dating

dated

dated

amanecer

dawn

dawns

dawning

dawned

dawned

tratar, negociar

deal

deals

dealing

dealt

dealt

engañar

deceive

deceives

deceiving

deceived

deceived

decider

decide

decides

deciding

decided

decided

dedicar(se)

dedicate

dedicates

dedicating

dedicated

dedicated

entregar, librar

deliver

delivers

delivering

delivered

delivered

demandar,

reclamar


demand

demands

demanding

demanded

demanded

negar

deny

denies

denying

denied

denied

describir

describe

describes

describing

described

described

destruir

destroy

destroys

destroying

destroyed

destroyed

dedicar(se),

consagrar(se)



devote

devotes

devoting

devoted

devoted

morir

die

dies

dying

died

died

cavar

dig

digs

digging

dug

dug

dirigir,

encaminar,

mandar


direct

directs

directing

directed

directed

estar en

desacuerdo



disagree

disagrees

disagreeing

disagreed

disagreed

desilusionar,

decepcionar



disappoint

disappoints

disappointing

disappointed

disappointed

hacer

do

does

doing

did

done

dudar

doubt

doubts

doubting

doubted

doubted

dibujar

draw

draws

drawing

drew

drawn

temer

dread

dreads

dreading

dreaded

dreaded

sonar

dream

dreams

dreaming

dreamed (dreamt)

dreamed (dreamt)

tomar, beber

drink

drinks

drinking

drank

drunk

manejar, guiar

drive

drives

driving

drove

driven




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form

bailar

dance

dances

dancing

danced

desembarcar

debark

debarks

debarking

debarked

desvalorizar, degradar, rebajar

debase

debases

debasing

debased

debatir

debate

debates

debating

debated

corromper, seducir

debauch

debauches

debauching

debauched

debilitar

debilitate

debilitates

debilitating

debilitated

deber

debit

debits

debiting

debited

someter a un interrogatorio

debrief

debriefs

debriefing

debriefed

suprimir errores

debug

debugs

debugging

debugged

desenmascarar

debunk

debunks

debunking

debunked

debutar

debut

debuts

debuting

debuted

levanter el campo

decamp

decamps

decamping

decamped

decapitar

decapitate

decapitates

decapitating

decapitated

descomponerse

decay

decays

decaying

decayed

disminuir la velocidad

decelerate

decelerates

decelerating

decelerated

descentralizar

decentralize

decentralizes

decentralizing

decentralized

diezmar

decimate

decimates

decimating

decimated

descifrar

decipher

deciphers

deciphering

deciphered

poner una cubierta, tumbar

deck

decks

decking

decked

declamar

declaim

declaims

declaiming

declaimed

declarar

declare

declares

declaring

declared

anular la clasificación

declassify

declassifies

declassifying

declassified

declinar

decline

declines

declining

declined

descifrar, decodificar

decode

decodes

decoding

decoded

descomponer

decompose

decomposes

decomposing

decomposed

descomprimir

decompress

decompresses

decompressing

decompressed

descontaminar

decontaminate

decontaminates

decontaminating

decontaminated

librar de control

decontrol

decontrols

decontrolling

decontrolled

decorar

decorate

decorates

decorating

decorated

atraer con señuelo

decoy

decoys

decoying

decoyed

disminuir, reducir

decrease

decreases

decreasing

decreased

decretar

decree

decrees

decreeing

decreed















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form

legalizar

decriminalize

decriminalizes

decriminalizing

decriminalized

despreciar, criticar, desvalorizar

decry

decries

decrying

decried

dedicar

dedicate

dedicates

dedicating

dedicated

indagar, hurgar

delve

delves

delving

delved

desmagnetizar, desmantar

demagnetize

demagnetizes

demagnetizing

demagnetized

demandar

demand

demands

demanding

demanded

demarcar

demarcate

demarcates

demarcating

demarcated

portarse, comportarse

demean

demeans

demeaning

demeaned

desmilitarizar

demilitarize

demilitarizes

demilitarizing

demilitarized

desmovilizar

demobilize

demobilizes

demobilizing

demobilized

democratizar

democratize

democratizes

democratizing

democratized

demoler, derribar

demolish

demolishes

demolishing

demolished

demostrar

demonstrate

demonstrates

demonstrating

demonstrated

corromper, confundir, desmoralizar, desalentar

demoralize

demoralizes

demoralizing

demoralized

degradar, rebajar de categoría

demote

demotes

demoting

demoted

hacer objeciones, demorar

demur

demurs

demurring

demurred

desnaturalizar

denature

denatures

denaturing

denatured

denigrar

denigrate

denigrates

denigrating

denigrated

denotar

denote

denotes

denoting

denoted

denunciar, acusar, criticar, censurar

denounce

denounces

denouncing

denounced

abollar

dent

dents

denting

dented

desnudar, desgastar

denude

denudes

denuding

denuded

negar

deny

denies

denying

denied

desodorizar

deodorize

deodorizes

deodorizing

deodorizes

desoxidar, desoxigenar

deoxidize

deoxidizes

deoxidizing

deoxidized

marcharse, irse

depart

departs

departing

departed

depender

depend

depends

depending

depended

depositar

deposit

deposits

depositing

deposited

depravar

deprave

depraves

depraving

depraved

despreciar

depreciate

depreciates

depreciating

depreciated

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form

deprimir

depress

depresses

depressing

depressed

privar

deprive

deprives

depriving

deprived

desprogramar

deprogram

deprograms

deprogramming

deprogrammed

derivar

derive

derives

deriving

derived

desender

descend

descends

descending

descended

describir

describe

describes

describing

described

merecer

deserve

deserves

deserving

deserved

diseñar

design

designs

designing

designed

designar

designate

designates

designating

designated

desistir

desist

desists

desisting

desisted

desolar

desolate

desolates

desolating

desolated

destruir

destroy

destroys

destroying

destroyed

separar, desprender

detach

detaches

detaching

detached

detallar

detail

details

detailing

detailed

detectar

detect

detects

detecting

detected

deteriorar

deteriorate

deteriorates

deteriorating

deteriorated

determiner

determine

determines

determining

determined

detestar

detest

detests

detesting

detested

detonar

detonate

detonates

detonating

detonated

desviar

detour

detours

detouring

detoured

devastar

devastate

devastates

devastating

devastated

desarrollar

develop

develops

developing

developed

devotar

devote

devotes

devoting

devoted

diagnosticar

diagnose

diagnoses

diagnosing

diagnosed

marcar

dial

dials

dialing

dialed

dictar

dictate

dictates

dictating

dictated

hacer dieta

diet

diets

dieting

dieted

diferir

differ

differs

differing

differed

diferenciar

differentiate

differentiates

differentiating

differentiated

cavar

dig

digs

digging

dug

digerir

digest

digests

digesting

digested

digitalizar

digitalize

digitalizes

digitalizing

digitalized

dilatar

dilate

dilates

dilating

dilated

diluir

dilute

dilutes

diluting

diluted

dirigir

direct

directs

directing

directed

no estar de acuerdo

disagree

disagrees

disagreeing

disagreed

desaparecer

disappear

disappears

disappearing

disappeared

defraudar

disappoint

disappoints

disappointing

disappointed

no aprobar

disapprove

disapproves

disapproving

disapproved

desarmar

disassemble

disassembles

disassembling

disassembled

desasociar

disassociate

disassociates

disassociating

disassociated

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s form

-ing form

Past form

no creer

disbelieve

disbelieves

disbelieving

disbelieved

descartar

discard

discards

discarding

discarded

descargar

discharge

discharges

discharging

discharged

disiplinar

discipline

disciplines

disciplining

disciplined

desteñir

discolor

discolors

discoloring

discolored

incomodar, molestar

discomfort

discomforts

discomforting

discomforted

descomponer

discompose

discomposes

discomposing

discomposed

desconectar

disconnect

disconnects

disconnecting

disconnected

descontinuar

discontinue

discontinues

discontinuing

discontinued

descontar

discount

discounts

discounting

discounted

descubrir

discover

discovers

discovering

discovered

discriminar

discriminate

discriminates

discriminating

discriminated

discutir

discuss

discusses

discussing

discussed

desilusionar

disillusion

disillusions

disillusioning

disillusioned

desinfectar

disinfect

disinfects

disinfecting

disinfected

desheredar

disinherit

disinherits

disinheriting

disinherited

desintegrar

disintegrate

disintegrates

disintegrating

disintegrated

dislocar, desarticular, separar

disjoint

disjoints

disjointing

disjointed

no gustarle a uno

dislike

dislikes

disliking

disliked

dislocar

dislocate

dislocates

dislocating

dislocated

desalojar

dislodge

dislodges

dislodging

dislodged

desobedecer

disobey

disobeys

disobeying

disobeyed

desorganizar

disorganize

disorganizes

disorganizing

disorganizes

despachar

dispatch

dispatches

dispatching

dispatched

mostrar

display

displays

displaying

displayed

refutar

disprove

disproves

disproving

disproved

zambullirse, tirarse de cabeza

dive

dives

diving

dove, dived

divorciarse

divorce

divorces

divorcing

divorced

pintar

dye

dyes

dying

dyed


E


Spanish

Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past

Participle

comer

eat

eats

eating

ate

eaten

educar

educate

educates

educating

educated

educated

avergonzar,

poner en aprieto,

desconcertar


embarrass

embarrasses

embarrassing

embarrassed

embarrassed

emplear

employ

employs

employing

employed

employed

estimular, dar apoyo

encourage

encourages

encouraging

encouraged

encouraged

disfrutar de

enjoy

enjoys

enjoying

enjoyed

enjoyed

establecer

establish

establishes

establishing

established

established

evader, eludir

evade

evades

evading

evaded

evaded

explicar

explain

explains

explaining

explained

explained

extender,

alargar


extend

extends

extending

extended

extended




Spanish

Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Participle Form

decadencia

ebb

ebbs

ebbing

ebbed

resonar

echo

echoes

echoing

echoed

eclipsar

eclipse

eclipses

eclipsing

eclipsed

economizar

economize

economizes

economizing

economized

extasiar

ecstasize

ecstasizes

ecstasizing

ecstasized

bordear

edge

edges

edging

edged

edificar

edify

edifies

edifying

edified

educar

educate

educates

educating

educated

deducir

educe

educes

educing

educed

edulcorar

edulcorate

edulcorates

edulcorating

edulcorated

borrar

efface

effaces

effacing

effaced

efectuar

effectuate

effectuates

effectuating

effectuated

afeminar

effeminate

effeminates

effeminating

effeminated

entrar en efervescencia

effervesce

effervesces

effervescing

effervesced

florecer

effloresce

effloresces

efflorescing

effloresced

refulgar

effulge

effulges

effulging

effulged

derramar o verter

effuse

effuses

effusing

effused

egotizar

egotize

egotizes

egotizing

egotized

emersión

egress

egresses

egressing

egressed

epigramatizar

epigrammatize

epigrammatized

epigrammatizing

epigrammatized

resumir

epitomize

epitomized

epitomizing

epitomized

equipar

equip

equipped

equipping

equipped

Spanish

Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Participle Form

equivocar

equivocate

equivocated

equivocating

equivocated

irradiar

eradiate

eradiated

eradiating

eradiated

corroer

erode

eroded

eroding

eroded

erotizar

eroticize

eroticizes

eroticizing

eroticized

arrojar

eruct

eructs

eructing

eructed

erupcionar

erupt

erupts

erupting

erupted

escalar

escalade

escalades

escalading

escaladed

agravar

escalate

escalates

escalating

escalated

escarpar

escarp

escarps

escarping

escarped

revertir tierras

escheat

escheats

escheating

escheated

evitar

eschew

eschews

eschewing

eschewed

casarse con

espouse

espouses

espousing

espoused

percibir

espy

espies

espying

espied

estimar

esteem

esteems

esteeming

esteemed

grabar al aguafuerte

etch

etches

etching

etched

eternizar

eternize

eternizes

eternizing

eternized

exento

exempt

exempts

exempting

exempted

emplear

exert

exerts

exerting

exerted

Despedir, exhalar

exhale

exhales

exhaling

exhaled

agotar

exhaust

exhausts

exhausting

exhausted

alegrar,levantar

exhilarate

exhilarates

exhilarating

exhilarated

exhortar a alguien

exhort

exhorts

exhorting

exhorted

exilio

exile

exiles

exiling

exiled

exonerar a alguien

exonerate

exonerates

exonerating

exonerated

exorcizar

exorcise

exorcises

exorcising

exorcised

expectorar

expectorate

expectorates

expectorating

expectorated

acelerar

expedite

expedites

expediting

expedited

arrojar

expel

expels

expelling

expelled

expiar

expiate

expiates

expiating

expiated

terminar

expire

expires

expiring

expired

explicar

explain

explains

explaining

explained

explotar

explode

explodes

exploding

exploded

explorar

explore

explores

exploring

explored

dejar al descubierto

expose

exposes

exposing

exposed

discutir con alguien sobre algo

expostulate

expostulates

expostulating

expostulated

exponer,explicar

expound

expounds

expounding

expounded

Spanish

Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Participle Form

borrar,tachar

expunge

expunges

expunging

expunged

expurgar

expurgate

expurgates

expurgating

expurgated

improvisar

extemporize

extemporizes

extemporizing

extemporized

extinguir

extinguish

extinguishes

extinguishing

extinguished


F





Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past

Form

Past

Participle

palidecer,

despintar(se)



fade

fades

fading

faded

faded

caer(se)

fall

falls

falling

fell

fallen

alimentar(se)

feed

feeds

feeding

fed

fed

sentir(se)

feel

feels

feeling

felt

felt

pelear(se)

fight

fights

fighting

fought

fought

llenar

fill

fills

filling

filled

filled

encontrar

find

finds

finding

found

found

terminar

finish

finishes

finishing

finished

finished

reparar, arreglar,

preparar


fix

fixes

fixing

fixed

fixed

lisonjear

flatter

flatters

flattering

flattered

flattered

huir

flee

flees

fleeing

fled

fled

arrojar, tirar

fling

flings

flinging

flung

flung

volar

fly

flies

flying

flew

flown

seguir

follow

follows

following

followed

followed

perdonar

forgive

forgives

forgiving

forgave

forgiven

olvidar

forget

forgets

forgetting

forgot

forgotten(forgot)

fundar

found

founds

founding

founded

founded

helar, congelar

freeze

freezes

freezing

froze

frozen

asustar(se)

frighten

frightens

frightening

frightened

frightened



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Past Participle




fabricar

fabricate

fabricates

fabricating

fabricated




facilitar

facilitate

facilitates

facilitating

facilitated




desteñirse

fade

fades

fading

faded




fracasar

fail

fails

failing

failed




caerse

fall

falls

falling

fallen




falsificar

falsify

falsifies

falsifying

falsified




tambalearse

falter

falters

faltering

faltered




acostumbrar

familiarize

familiarizes

familiarizing

familiarized




fantasear sobre algo

fantasize

fantasizes

fantasizing

fantasized




fascinar

fascinate

fascinates

fascinating

fascinated




engordar

fatten

fattens

fattening

fattened




adular a alguien

fawn

fawns

fawning

fawned

federar

federate

federates

federating

federated

alimentar

feed

feeds

feeding

fed

Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Past Participle




sentir

feel

feels

feeling

felt

fingir, pretender algo

feign

feigns

feigning

feigned

hacer fermentar

ferment

ferments

fermenting

fermented

fertilizar, fecundar

fertilize

fertilizes

fertilizing

fertilized

encadenar a alguien

fetter

fetters

fettering

fettered

pelear

fight

fights

fighting

fought

rechistar

flinch

flinches

flinching

flinched

lanzar

fling

flings

flinging

flung

ocupar

fill

fills

filling

filled

ultimar

finalize

finalizes

finalizing

finalized

financiar

finance

finances

financing

financed

encontrar

find

finds

finding

founded

arreglar

fix

fixes

fixing

fixed

burbujear

fizz

fizzes

fizzing

fizzed

chispotear

fizzle

fizzles

fizzling

fizzled

pelearse

flake

flakes

flaking

flaked

batir

flap

flaps

flapping

flapped

enfocar

flash

flashes

flashing

flashed

allanar

flatten

flattens

flattening

flattened

huir de

flee

flees

fleeing

fled

flexionar

flex

flexes

flexing

flexed

chasquear

flick

flicks

flicking

flicked

dar la vuelta

flip

flips

flipping

flipped

revolotear

flit

flits

flitting

flitted

flotar

float

floats

floating

floated

inundar

flood

floods

flooding

flooded

dejarse caer

flop

flops

flopping

flopped

moverse violentamente

flounce

flounces

flouncing

flounced

florecer

flourish

flourishes

flourishing

flourished

incumplir una ley

flout

flouts

flouting

flouted

fluir, correr

flow

flows

flowing

flowed

tronar

flunk

flunks

flunking

flunked

hacer que alguien se encargue de algo

foist

foists

foisting

foisted

plegar

fold

folds

folding

folded

seguir

follow

follows

following

followed
















Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form and Past Participle

acariciar

fondle

fondles

fondling

fondled

buscar algo

forage

forages

foraging

foraged

prohibir

forbid

forbids

forbidding

forbidder

anticiparse

forestall

forestalls

forestalling

forestalled

predecir

foretell

foretells

foretelling

foretold

prevenir

forewarn

forewarns

forewarning

forewarned

perder

forfeit

forfeits

forfeiting

forfeited

reunirse

forgather

forgathers

forgathering

forgathered

falsificar

forge

forges

forging

forged

olvidar

forget

forgets

forgetting

forgotten

perdonar

forgive

forgives

forgiving

forgiven

formalizar

formalize

formalizes

formalizing

formalized

formular

formulate

formulates

formulating

formulated

abandonar

forsake

forsakes

forsaking

forsaken

fortificar

fortify

fortifies

fortifying

fortified

fracturar

fracture

fractures

fracturing

fractured

fraternizar

fraternize

fraternizes

fraternizing

fraternized

frecuentar

frequent

frequents

frequenting

frequented

refrescar

freshen

freshens

freshening

freshened

asustar

frighten

frightens

frightening

frightened

juguetear

frisk

frisks

frisking

frisked

realizar

fulfill

fulfills

fulfilling

fulfilled

buscar algo a tientas

fumble

fumbles

fumbling

fumbled

estar furioso

fume

fumes

fuming

fumed

fumigar

fumigate

fumigates

fumigating

fumigated

recoger

furl

furls

furling

furled

proporcionar

furnish

furnishes

furnishing

furnished


G


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Tense

Perfect Past

palique

gab

gabs

gabbing

gabbed

gabbed

charlar

gabble

gabbles

gabbling

gabbled

gabbled

callejear

gad

gads

gadding

gadded

gadded

arponear

gaff

gaffs

gaffing

gaffed

gaffed

amordazar

gag

gags

gagging

gagged

gagged

manada

gaggle

gaggles

gaggling

gaggled

gaggled

contradecir

gainsay

gainsays

gainsaying

gainsaid

gainsaid

brincar de alegría

galumph

galumphs

galumphing

galumphed

galumphed

galvanizar

galvanize

galvanizes

galvanizing

galvanized

galvanized

arruinar

gam

gams

gamming

gammed

gammed

ganguiar

gang

gangs

ganging

ganged

ganged

ganglear

gangle

gangs

ganging

ganggled

ganggled

hacer espacio

gap

gaps

gapping

gapped

gapped

trabajar en jardín

garden

gardens

gardening

gardened

gardened

hacer gargaras

gargle

gargles

gargling

gargled

gargled

gargarismo

garnish

garnishes

garnishing

garnished

garnished

gasear

gas

gases

gassing

gassed

gassed

gasificar

gasify

gasifies

gasifying

gasified

gasified

ajuntar

gather

gathers

gathering

gathered

gathered

calibrar

gauge

gauges

gauging

gauged

gauged

martillar

gavel

gavels

gaveling

gaveled

gaveled

dar comando

gee

gees

geeing

geed

geed

adquirir

get

gets

getting

got

gotten

gelatinalizar

gelatinize

gelatinizes

gelatinizing

gelatinized

gelatinized

geminar

geminate

geminates

geminating

geminated

geminated

generar

generate

generates

generating

generated

generated

doblar (rodilla)

genuflect

genuflects

genuflecting

genuflected

genuflected

germinar

germinate

germinates

germinating

germinated

germinated

gestar

gestate

gestates

gestating

gestated

gestated

hacer un gesto

gesture

gestures

gesturing

gestured

gestured

gesticular

gesticulate

gesticulates

gesticulating

gesticulated

gesticulated

mofar

gibe

gibes

gibing

gibed

gibed

carruaje

gig

gigs

gigging

gigged

gigged

risitas

giggle

giggles

giggling

giggled

giggled

ginebra

gin

gins

ginning

ginned

ginned

cenidor

gird

girds

girding

girded

girded

foyar

girdle

girdles

girdling

girded

girded

dar

give

gives

giving

gave

given

dar una ojeada

glance

glances

glancing

glanced

glanced




Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form


-s Form


-ing Form

Past Tense

Perfect Past

glazear

glaze

glazes

glazing

glazed

glazed

ojeada

glimpse

glimpses

glimpsing

glimpsed

glimpsed

pasear suave

glissade

glissades

glissading

glissaded

glissaded

hechar brillo

glitter

glitters

glittering

glittered

glittered

globalizar

globalize

globalizes

globalizing

globalized

globalized

objeto que brilla

glom

gloms

glomming

glommed

glommed

glorificar

glorify

glorifies

glorifying

glorified

glorified

pegar o unir

glue

glues

gluing

glued

glued

roer

gnaw

gnaws

gnawing

gnawed

gnawed

ir

go

goes

going

went

gone

engullir

gobble

gobbles

gobbling

gobbled

gobbled

mirar asombrado

goggle

goggles

goggling

goggled

goggled

garganta

gorge

gorges

gorging

gorged

gorged

formon

gouge

gouges

gouging

gouged

gouged

forma

gourmandize

gourmandizes

gourmandizing

gourmandized

gourmandized

gobernar

govern

governs

governing

governed

governed

agarrar

grab

grabs

grabbing

grabbed

grabbed

actuar con gracia o elegancia

grace

graces

gracing

graced

graced

clasificar por grados

grade

grades

grading

graded

graded

graduarse

graduate

graduates

graduating

graduated

graduated

granular

granulate

granulates

granulating

granulated

granulated

atacar

grapple

grapples

grappling

grappled

grappled

agarrar

grasp

grasps

grasping

grasped

grasped[

rejilla

grate

grates

grating

grated

grated

gratificar

gratify

gratifies

gratifying

gratified

gratified

grava

gravel

gravels

graveling

graveled

graveled

pastar (ej. vacas)

graze

grazes

grazing

grazed

grazed

engrasar

grease

greases

greasing

greased

greased

saludar

greet

greets

greeting

greeted

greeted

suciedad

grime

grimes

griming

grimed

grimed

moler

grind

grinds

grinding

ground

ground

quejarse

gripe

gripes

gripping

gripped

gripped

tanteo

grope

gropes

groping

groped

groped



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form


-s Form


-ing Form

Past Tense

Perfect Past

reganar

ground

grounds

grounding

grounded

grounded

lechada

grout

grouts

grouting

grouted

grouted

crecer

grow

grows

growing

grew

grown

comida

grub

grubs

grubbing

grubbed

grubbed

resentimiento

grudge

grudges

grudging

grudged

grudged

quejarse

grumble

grumbles

grumbling

grumbled

grumbled

vigilar

guard

guards

guarding

guarded

guarded

velar o hacer guardia

guard

guards

guarding

guarded

guarded

guiar o llevar hacia un lugar

guide

guides

guiding

guided

guided

guisar

guise

guises

guising

guised

guised

gaviota

gull

gulls

gulling

gulled

gulled

trago

gulp

gulps

gulping

gulped

gulped

goma

gum

gums

gumming

gummed

gummed

zapatos de goma

gumshoe

gumshoes

gumshoeing

gumshoed

gumshoed

galgola

gurgle

gurgles

gurgling

gurgled

gurgled

tripa

gut

guts

gutting

gutted

gutted

individuo

guy

guys

guying

guyed

guyed


H


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

alucinar

hallucinate

hallucinates

hallucinating

hallucinated

hallucinated

parar(se), hacer

un alto


halt

halts

halting

halted

halted

partir por la mitad

halve

halves

halving

halved

halved

alcanzar algo y

darlo a otro



hand

hands

handing

handed

handed

comer de la mano

hand-feed

hand-feeds

handfeeding

hand-fed

hand-fed

manejar

handle

handles

handling

handled

handled

escribir con la mano

handwrite

handwrites

handwriting

handwrote

handwritten

colgar

hang

hangs

hanging

hung

hung

armonizar

harmonize

harmonizes

harmonizing

harmonized

harmonized

acosar,hostigar

harry

harries

harrying

harried

harried

fastidiar

hassle

hassles

hassling

hassled

hassled

odiar

hate

hates

hating

hated

hated

tener, haber

have

has

having

had

had

abrumar,acosar

haze

hazes

hazing

hazed

hazed

oir

hear

hears

hearing

heard

heard

interrumpir a un orador

heckle

heckles

heckling

heckled

heckled

ayudar

help

helps

helping

helped

helped

vacilar,titubiar

hesitate

hesitates

hesitating

hesitated

hesitated

cortar,labrar,tallar

hew

hews

hewing

hewed

hewn

hibernar,invernar

hibernate

hibernates

hibernating

hibernated

hibernated

esconder(se)

hide

hides

hiding

hid

hidden

asalariar

hire

hires

hiring

hired

hired

golpear, pegar a

hit

hits

hitting

hit

hit

acaparar,monopolizar

hog

hogs

hogging

hogged

hogged

aguantar

hold

holds

holding

held

held

llorar

hone

hones

honing

honed

honed

brincar,saltar

hop

hops

hopping

hopped

hopped

esperar por algo que suceda

hope

hopes

hoping

hoped

hoped

hechar auga con una mangera

hose

hoses

hosing

hosed

hosed

hospitalizar

hospitalize

hospitalizes

hospitalizing

hopitalized

hospitalized

abrazar

hug

hugs

hugging

hugged

hugged

estar muy activo

hum

hums

humming

hummed

hummed

humidificar

humidify

humidifies

humidifying

humidified

humidified

humillar

humiliate

humiliates

humiliating

humiliated

humiliated

cazar, buscar

hunt

hunts

hunting

hunted

hunted

lastimar(se)

hurt

hurts

hurting

hurt

hurt



I


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

identificar

identify

identifies

identifying

identified

identified

ignorar

ignore

ignores

ignoring

ignored

ignored

ilustrar

illustrate

illustrates

illustrating

illustrated

illustrated

imaginar

imagine

imagines

imagining

imagined

imagined

impresionar

impress

impresses

impressing

impressed

impressed

mejorar

improve

improves

improving

improved

improved

procrear

inbreed

inbreeds

inbreeding

inbred

inbred

incluir

include

includes

including

included

included

aumentar

increase

increases

increasing

increased

increased

influenciar

influence

influences

influencing

influenced

influenced

informar

inform

informs

informing

informed

informed

habitar, vivir en

inhabit

inhabits

inhabiting

inhabited

inhabited

inyectar(se)

inject

injects

injecting

injected

injected

herir

injure

injures

injuring

injured

injured

incrustar

inlay

inlays

inlaying

inlayed

inlayed

entrar en computadora

input

inputs

inputting


inputted


input

inquirir, averiguar

inquire

inquires

inquiring

inquired

inquired

instruir

instruct

instructs

instructing

instructed

instructed

pensar hacer,

proponerse



intend

intends

intending

intended

intended

crusar (razas)

interbreed

interbreeds

interbreeding

interbred

interbred

interesar(se)

interest

interests

interesting

interested

interested

interferir

interfere

interferes

interfering

interfered

interfered

acostarse en medio

interlay

interlays

interlaying

interlaid

interlaid

interrumpir

interrupt

interrupts

interrupting

interrupted

interrupted

entrelazar

intertwine

intertwines

intertwined

intertwining

intertwined

entretejer

interweave

interweaves

interweaving

interweaved

interweaved

introducir,

presentar



introduce

introduces

introducing

introduced

introduced

inventar

invent

invents

inventing

invented

invented

invertir

invest

invests

investing

invested

invested

invitar

invite

invites

inviting

invited

invited

planchar

iron

irons

ironing

ironed

ironed

irritar

irritate

irritates

irritating

irritated

irritated

picar, sentir

picazón


itch

itches

itching

itched

itched



J


Spanish Equivalent

Basic

form

-s form

-ing form

Past form

Past Participle

encarcelar

jail

jails

jailing

jailed

jailed

atascar

jam

jams

jamming

jammed

jammed

semi correr

jog

jogs

jogging

jogged

jogged

ensamblar

join

joins

joining

joined

joined

bromear

joke

jokes

joking

joked

joked

apuntar, tomar

nota


jot

jots

jotting

jotted

jotted

juzgar

judge

judges

judging

judged

judged

malabarear

juggle

juggles

juggling

juggled

juggled

brincar

jump

jumps

jumping

jumped

jumped

justificar

justify

justifies

justifying

justified

justified


K


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

kayakear

kayak

kayaks

kayaking

kayaked

kayaked

lamenter una muerte

keen

keens

keening

keened

keened

guardar, quedarse

con


keep

keeps

keeping

kept

kept

saber

ken

kens

kenning

kenned

kenned

escribir con teclado

keyboard

keyboards

keyboarding

keyboarded

keyboarded

dar la clave

keynote

keynotes

keynoting

keynoted

keynoted

patear

kick

kicks

kicking

kicked

kicked

encender (motocicleta)

kick-start

kick-starts

kick-starting

kick-started

kick-started

molestar jugetonamente

kid

kids

kidding

kidded

kidded

secuestro

kidnap

kidnaps

kidnapping

kidnapped

kidnapped

matar

kill

kills

killing

killed

killed

iniciar fuego

kindle

kindles

kindling

kindled

kindled

nudo

kink

kinks

kinking

kinked

kinked

curar (carnes)

kipper

kippers

kippering

kippered

kippered

besar

kiss

kisses

kissing

kissed

kissed

dar forma, masajear

knead

kneads

kneading

kneaded

kneaded

golpe o toque con rodilla

knee

knees

kneeing

kneed

kneed

arrodillarse

kneel

kneels

kneeling

kneeled

knelt

sonar esp. para funeral

knell

knells

knelling

knelled

knelled

tejer con dos

agujas


knit

knits

knitting

knit(knitted)

knitted(knit)

tocar la puerta

knock

knocks

knocking

knocked

knocked

tumbar

knock down

knocks down

knocking down

knocked down

knocked down

saber conocer

know

knows

knowing

knew

known

mostrar respeto

kowtow

Kowtows

kowtowing

kowtowed

kowtowed



L


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

etiquear

label

labels

labeling

labeled

labeled

hacer labial

labialize

labializes

labializing

labialized

labialized

trabajar

labor

labors

laboring

labored

labored

romper

lacerate

lacerates

lacerating

lacerated

lacerated

lamentar

lament

laments

lamenting

lamented

lamented

desembarcar,

aterrizar



land

lands

landing

landed

landed

ser debil

languish

languishes

languishing

languished

languished

colocar encima

lap

laps

lapping

lapped

lapped

durar, continuar

last

lasts

lasting

lasted

lasted

reir(se)

laugh

laughs

laughing

laughed

laughed

lanzar, emprender

launch

launches

launching

launched

launched

limpiar, bañar

lave

laves

laving

laved

laved

poner, colocar

lay

lays

laying

laid

laid

guiar, dirigir,

conducir


lead

leads

leading

led

led

inclinar un objeto

lean

leans

leaning

leant/leaned

leant/leaned

brincar

leap

leaps

leaping

leapt/leaped

leapt/leaped

aprender

learn

learns

learning

learned

learned

abandoner, dejar, salir

leave

leaves

leaving

left

left

dar una exposición

lecture

lectures

lecturing

lectured

lectured

mirar con deseos

leer

leers

leering

leered

leered

crear o aprobar leyes

legislate

legislates

legislating

legislated

legislated

hacer legitimo

legitimize

legitimizes

legitimizing

legitimized

legitimized

prestar

lend

lends

lending

lent

lent

reducir

lessen

lessens

lessening

lessened

lessened

permitir

let

lets

letting

let

let

huir

levant

levants

levanting

levanted

levanted

allanar

level

levels

leveling

leveled

leveled

autorizar

license

licenses

licensing

licensed

licensed

lamer

lick

licks

licking

licked

licked

recostar(se)

lie

lies

lying

lay

lain

mentir

lie

lies

lying

lied

lied

alzar, elevar

lift

lifts

lifting

lifted

lifted

encender

light

lights

lighting

lit / lighted

lit / lighted

iluminar

lighten

lightens

lightening

lightened

lightened

gustar

like

likes

liking

liked

liked

leer labios

lip-read

lip-reads

lip-reading

lip-read

lip-read

enumerar

list

lists

listing

listed

listed

escuchar

listen

listens

listening

listened

listened

vivir

live

lives

living

lived

lived

cargar

load

loads

loading

loaded

loaded

trancar

lock

locks

locking

locked

locked

anhelar

long

longs

longing

longed

longed

mirar, verse

look

looks

looking

looked

looked

perder

lose

loses

losing

lost

lost

amar

love

loves

loving

loved

loved

rastrar

lug

lugs

lugging

lugged

lugged

picar arboles

lumber

lumbers

lumbering

lumbered

lumbered

moverse sin equilibrio

lurch

lurches

lurching

lurched

lurched

hacer brillar

luster

lusters

lustering

lustered

lustered

sacar de su sitio (hueso)

luxate

luxates

luxating

luxated

luxated


M


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

echar al correo

mail

mails

mailing

mailed

mailed

hacer, construir

make

makes

making

made

made

casar(se)

marry

marries

marrying

married

married

significar

mean

means

meaning

meant

meant

encontrarse con,

conocer


meet

meets

meeting

met

met

derretir, disolver

melt

melts

melting

melted

melted

remendar

mend

mends

mending

mended

mended

mezclar

mix

mixes

mixing

mixed

mixed


N


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

arrestar, detener, agarrar, coger

nab


nabs


nabbing


nabbed


nabbed

regañar, reñir, fastidiar, importunar

nag


nags


nagging


nagged


nagged

clavar

nail

nails

nailing

nailed

nailed

nombrar

name

names

naming

named

named

tomar una siesta

nap

naps

napping

napped

napped

narcotizar

narcotize

narcotizes

narcotizing

narcotized

narcotized

narrar, contar

narrate

narrates

narrating

narrated

narrated

estrechar, reducir

narrow

narrows

narrowing


narrowed


narrowed

nacionalizar

nationalize

nationalizes

nationalizing

nationalized

nationalized

naturalizar

naturalize

naturalizes

naturalizing

naturalized

naturalized

dar o tener nauseas

nauseate

nauseates

nauseating


nauseated



nauseated

navegar

navigate

navigates

navigating

navigated

navigated

acercarse

near

nears

nearing

neared

neared

necesitar

necessitate

necessitates

necessitating

necessitated

necessitated

necesitar

need

needs

needing

needed

needed

coser

needle

needles

needling

needled

needled

negar, anular

negate

negates

negating

negated

negated

no cumplir con el deber

neglect

neglects

neglecting


neglected



neglected

negociar

negotiate

negotiates

negotiating

negotiated

negotiated

relinchar

neigh

neighs

neighing

neighed

neighed

ser vecino

neighbor

neighbors

neighboring

neighbored

neighbored

anidar

nest

nests

nesting

nested

nested

acurrucarse

nestle

nestles

nestling

nestled

nestled

atrapar con una red

net

nets

netting

netted


netted

picar, irritar

nettle

nettles

nettling

nettled

nettled

castrar

neuter

neuters

neutering

neutered

neutered

neutralizar

neutralize

neutralizes

neutralizing

neutralized

neutralized

morder, picar

nibble

nibbles

nibbling

nibbled

nibbled

cortar, rasguñar

nick

nicks

nicking

nicked

nicked

pellizcar, morder

nip

nips

nipping

nipped

nipped

nitratar

nitrate

nitrates

nitrating

nitrated

nitrated

prohibir

nix

nixes

nixing

nixed

nixed

inclinar la cabeza, decir que si

nod


nods


nodding


nodded


nodded

nominar

nominate

nominates

nominating

nominated

nominated

normalizar

normalize

normalizes

normalizing

normalized

normalized

husmear

nose

noses

nosing

nosed

nosed

notarizar

notarize

notarizes

notarizing

notarized

notarized

marcar, llevar un record

notch

notches

notching

notched


notched

anotar

note

notes

noting

noted

noted

notar, darse cuenta

notice

notices

noticing

noticed


noticed

notificar

notify

notifies

notifying

notified

notified

nutrir, alimentar, abrigar, sostener

nourish


nourishes



nourishing



nourished



nourished

dar un codazo, llamar la atención

nudge


nudges


nudging


nudged


nudged

anular

nullify

nullifies

nullifying

nullified

nullified

adormecer

numb

numbs

numbing

numbed

numbed

enumerar

numerate

numerates

numerating

numerated

numerated

amamantar, cuidar de alguien

nurse


nurses


nursing


nursed


nursed

alimentar, nutrir, criar, educar, fomenter, cultivar

nurture

nurtures

nurturing

nurtured

nurtured

acariciar

nuzzle

nuzzles

nuzzling

nuzzled

nuzzled



O


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

-Past Form

Past Participle

remar

oar

oars

oaring

oared

oared

obedecer

obey

obeys

obeying

obeyed

obeyed

objetar

object

objects

objecting

objected

objected

obligar

obligate

obligates

obligating

obligated

obligated

ocultar

obliterate

obliterates

obliterating

obliterated

obliterated

observar

observe

observes

observing

observed

observed

obsesionar

obsess

obsesses

obsessing

obsessed

obsessed

obsoleto

obsolete

obsoletes

obsoleting

obsoleted

obsoleted

obtener

obtain

obtains

obtaining

obtained

obtained

entrometerse

obtrude

obtrudes

obtruding

obtruded

obtruded

obviar

obviate

obviates

obviating

obviated

obviated

obstruir

occlude

occludes

occluding

occluded

occluded

ocupar

occupy

occupies

occupying

occupied

occupied

ocurrir

occur

occurs

occurring

occurred

occurred

offender

offend

offends

offending

offended

offended

ofrecer

offer

offers

offering

offered

offered

ejercer funciones de alcalde

officiate

officiates

officiating

officiated

officiated

sacarse de encima

off-load

off-loads

off-loading

off-loaded

off-loaded

compensar

offset

offsets

offsetting

offset

offset

quedarse mirando

ogle

ogles

ogling

ogled

ogled

aceitar

oil

oils

oiling

oiled

oiled

omitir

omit

omits

omitting

omitted

omitted

abrir

open

opens

opening

opened

opened

operar

operate

operates

operating

operated

operated

oponer(se)

oppose

opposes

opposing

opposed

opposed

optar,escoger

opt

opts

opting

opted

opted

optimizar

optimize

optimizes

optimizing

optimized

optimized

dar vueltas

orbit

orbits

orbiting

orbited

orbited

orquestar

orchestrate

orchestrates

orchestrating

orchestrated

orchestrated

ordenar santo

ordain

ordains

ordaining

ordained

ordained

organizer

organize

organizes

organizing

organized

organized

orientar

orientate

orientates

orientating

orientated

orientated

comienzo, crear

originate

originates

originating

originated

originated

oscilar

oscillate

oscillates

oscillating

oscillated

oscillated

condenar, excluir

ostracize

ostracizes

ostracizing

ostracized

ostracized

sobrepujar


out bid

out bids

out biding



out bid /

out bidden



out bid /

out bidden



aventajar

out class

out classes

out classing

out classed

out classed

crecer mas de lo normal

outgrow

outgrows

outgrowing

outgrew

outgrown

superar

outrival

outrivals

outrivaling

outrivaled

outrivaled

correr mas de prisa

outrun

outruns

outrunning


outran

outrun


estar endeudado,

deber


owe


owes


owing


owed


owed



P


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Form

Past Participle

pacificar

pacify

pacifies

pacifying

pacified

pacified

hacer las maletas, empacar

pack


packs


packing


packed


packed


silenciosamente

pad

pads

padding

padded

padded

pintar

paint

paints

painting

painted

painted

perder su interes

pall

palls

palling

palled

palled


palpitar

palpitate

palpitates

palpitating

palpitated

palpitated

mendigar

panhandle

panhandles

panhandling

panhandled

panhandled

ponerse nervioso(a)

panic

panics

panicking


panicked

panicked


lanzarse de paracaidas

parachute


parachutes


parachuting


parachuted


parachuted



ser paralelo a

parallel

parallels

paralleling

paralleled

paralleled

paralizar

paralyze

paralyzes

paralyzing

paralyzed

paralyzed

dividir

parcel

parcels

parceling

parceled

parceled

disculpar

pardon

pardons

pardoning

pardoned

pardoned

parodiar

parody

parodies

parodying

parodied

parodied

tomar parte en algo

partake

partakes

partaking


partook

partaken


pasar

pass

passes

passing

passed

passed

pasterizar

pasteurize

pasteurizes

pasteurizing

pasteurized

pasteurized

apacentar

pasture

pastures

pasturing

pastured

pastured

remendar

patch

patches

patching

patched

patched

patentar

patent

patents

patenting

patented

patented

patrullar

patrol

patrols

patrolling

patrolled

patrolled

hacer una pausa

pause

pauses

pausing

paused

paused


pagar

pay

pays

paying

paid

paid

permitir

permit

permits

permitting

permitted

permitted

sudar

perspire

perspires

perspiring

perspired

perspired

dominar, estar presente

pervade

pervades

pervading


pervaded



pervaded

molestar

pester

pesters

pestering

pestered

pestered

elegir

pick

picks

picking

picked

picked

perforar

pierce

pierces

piercing

pierced

pierced

planear,trazar

plan

plans

planning

planned

planned

sembrar

plant

plants

planting

planted

planted

dar la palabra

pledge

pledges

pledging

pledged

pledged

caer en picado

plummet

plummets

plummeting

plummeted

plummeted

señalar

point

points

pointing

pointed

pointed

contaminar

pollute

pollutes

polluting

polluted

polluted

poseer

possess

possesses

possessing

possessed

possessed

situar, pegar

post

posts

posting

posted

posted

alabar

praise

praises

praising

praised

praised

preceder

precede

precedes

preceding

preceded

preceded

preparar

prepare

prepares

preparing

prepared

prepared

pretender

pretend

pretends

pretending

pretended

pretended

impedir

prevent

prevents

preventing

prevented

prevented

imprimir

print

prints

printing

printed

printed

proceder

proceed

proceeds

proceeding

proceeded

proceeded

sacar provecho

profit

profits

profiting

profited

profited

progresar

progress

progresses

progressing

progressed

progressed

prometer

promise

promises

promising

promised

promised

promover

promote

promotes

promoting

promoted

promoted

probar

prove

proves

proving

proved

proved

proveer

provided

provides

providing

provided

provided

halar,tirar de

pull

pulls

pulling

pulled

pulled

empujar

push

pushes

pushing

pushed

pushed

colocar, poner

put

puts

putting

put

put

confundir

puzzle

puzzles

puzzling

puzzled

puzzled


Q


Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

hacer reina

queen

queens

queening

queened

queened

apagar

quench

quenches

quenching

quenched

quenched

cuestionar, buscar

quest

quests

questing

quested

quested

sutileza

quibble

quibbles

quibbling

quibbled

quibbled

burla, sarcastico

quip

quips

quipping

quipped

quipped

cesar, dejar

quit

quits

quitting

quit

quit

examinar discipulos

quiz

quizzes

quizzing

quizzed

quizzed

proveer un ángulo exterior de una pared

quoin

quoins

quoining

quoined

quoined




r



Spanish Equivalent

Basic Form

-s Form

-ing Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

llover

rain

rains

raining

rained

rained

levantar

raise

raises

raising

raised

raised

ramificar

ramify

ramifies

ramifying

ramified

ramified

violar

rape

rapes

raping

raped

raped

ratificar,confirmar

ratify

ratifies

ratifying

ratified

ratified

racionalizar

rationalize

rationalizes

rationalizing

rationalized

rationalized

reaccionar

react

reacts

reacting

reacted

reacted

leer

read

reads

reading

read

read

volver a despertar

reawake

reawakes

reawaking

reawoke

reawaken

rebelarse

rebel

rebels

rebelling

rebelled

rebelled

reconstruir

rebuild

rebuilds

rebuilding

rebuilt

rebuilt

recibir

receive

receives

receiving

received

received

recargar

recharge

recharges

recharging

recharged

recharged

recitar

recite

recites

reciting

recited

recited

reconocer

recognize

recognizes

recognizing

recognized

recognized

recomendar

recommend

recommends

recommending

recommended

recommended

reconsiderar

reconsider

reconsiders

reconsidering

reconsidered

reconsidered

recuperar

recover

recovers

recovering

recovered

recovered

volver a dibujar

redraw

redraws

redrawing

redrew

redrawn

reembolsar

refund

refunds

refunding

refunded

refunded

arrepentirse

regret

regrets

regretting

regretted

regretted

rechazar

reject

rejects

rejecting

rejected

rejected

recaida

relapse

relapses

relapsing

relapsed

relapsed

relacionar

relate

relates

relating

related

related

recostar

relay

relays

relaying

relayed

relayed

rehacer

remake

remakes

remaking

remade

remade

alquilar

rent

rents

renting

rented

rented

reparar,componer

repair

repairs

repairing

repaired

repaired

volver apagar

repay

repays

repaying

repaid

repaid

volver a poner

replace

replaces

replacing

replaced

replaced

contestar

reply

replies

replying

replied

replied

reposar

repose

reposes

reposing

reposed

reposed

indultar

reprieve

reprieves

reprieving

reprieved

reprieved

reproducir

reproduce

reproduces

reproducing

reproduced

reproduced

reprender,censurar

reprove

reproves

reproving

reproved

reproved

repudiar

repudiate

repudiates

repudiating

repudiated

repudiated

desairar

repulse

repulses

repulsing

repulsed

repulsed

pedir,solicitar

request

requests

requesting

requested

requested

exigir,requerir

require

requires

requiring

required

required

rescatar

rescue

rescues

rescuing

rescued

rescued

revender

resell

resells

reselling

resold

resold

reenviar

resend

resends

resending

resent

resent

reservar

reserve

reserves

reserving

reserved

reserved

reajustar

reset

resets

resetting

reset

reset

residir

reside

resides

residing

resided

resided

renunciar

resign

resigns

resigning

resigned

resigned

determinar,acordar

resolve

resolves

resolving

resolved

resolved

descansar,reposar

rest

rests

resting

rested

rested

resultar

result

results

resulting

resulted

resulted

volver a decir

retell

retells

retelling

retold

retold

volver a pensar

rethink

rethinks

rethinking

rethought

rethought

regresar,devolver

return

returns

returning

returned

returned

revisar

revise

revises

revising

revised

revised

reavivar

revive

revives

reviving

revived

revived

recompensar

reward

rewards

rewarding

rewarded

rewarded

reusar

rewear

rewears

rewearing

rewore

reworn

reescribir

rewrite

rewrites

rewriting

rewrote

rewritten

montar,pasear

ride

rides

riding

rode

ridden

sonar,tocar

ring

rings

ringing

rang

rung

levantarse

rise

rises

rising

rose

risen

arriesgar(se)

risk

risks

risking

risked

risked

asar

roast

roasts

roasting

roasted

roasted

correr

run

runs

running

ran

run
  1   2


La base de datos está protegida por derechos de autor ©absta.info 2016
enviar mensaje

    Página principal