National population, total 27. 8 29. 6 30. 0 81. 2 91. 2 93. 7 248. 7 262. 9 265. 3



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t a b l e 1-1

National Population and Labor Force

(Millions)
Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1997 1990 1995 1996
National population, total 27.8 29.6 30.0 81.2 91.2 93.7 248.7 262.9 265.3

Females 14.0 14.9 15.1 41.3 46.3 48.0 127.5 134.3 135.5

Males 13.8 14.7 14.9 39.9 44.9 45.7 121.2 128.5 129.8
Age structure

Ages 14 and under 5.8 6.0 6.0 31.1 32.3 32.7 53.5 57.2 57.7

Percent of total population 20.9 20.3 20.0 38.3 35.4 34.9 21.5 21.8 21.8

Ages 15-34 9.2 8.9 8.9 29.3 33.7 33.6 80.0 77.6 76.6

Percent of total population 33.1 30.1 29.7 36.1 37.0 35.9 32.2 29.5 28.9

Ages 35-64 9.7 11.1 11.5 16.9 20.9 22.8 83.9 94.7 97.1

Percent of total population 34.9 37.5 38.3 20.8 22.9 24.3 33.7 36.0 36.6

Ages 65+ 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.6 31.2 33.4 33.8

Percent of total population 11.1 12.1 12.0 4.8 4.7 4.9 12.6 12.7 12.7
Urban population

Percent of urban population N N 77.9 71.3 73.5 74.0 79.7 e79.8 e79.8


Population density

Number of people

(per square kilometer) 3 3 3 41 46 48 27 29 29
Labor force, total 14.3 14.9 15.1 31.2 35.6 36.6 125.8 132.3 133.9

Percent of total population 51.4 50.3 50.3 37.5 39.0 39.6 50.6 50.3 50.5



KEY: e = Data are estimated. N = Data are nonexistent.

SOURCES

Canada

National population and labor force: Statistics Canada. Annual Demographics Statistics, Catalogue No. 91-213-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.:

various years).

Statistics Canada. Special tabulations. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Urban population: Statistics Canada. 1996 Census of Population. A national overview- population and dwelling counts, Catalogue No.

93-357-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1997).

Mexico

National and urban population: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. XI Censo General de Población y Vivienda,



1990. Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Perfil Sociodemográfico. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1992).

Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conteo de Población y Vivienda, 1995. Estados Unidos Mexicanos.



Resultados Definitivos. Tabulados Básicos. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1996).

Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conteo de Población y Vivienda, 1995. Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Perfil



Sociodemográfico. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1997).

Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Encuesta Nacional de la Dinámica Demográfica, 1997. (Aguascalientes,

Ags.: 1997).

Labor force: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección General de Estadística. Encuesta Nacional de



Empleo, 1991, 1995 and 1996. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: various years).

United States

National population and age structure: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau. Statistical Abstract of the United States:



1998. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Urban population: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau. Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan Areas: Annual



Time Series, July 1, 1991, to July 1, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Population density: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau. State Population Estimates: Annual Time Series, July 1,



1990, to July 1, 1998. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Labor force: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Current Population Survey.

(Washington, DC: 1998).

t a b l e 1-1a

Top 25 Canadian Population Centers: 1996

(Thousands)
Metropolitan area 1996 Metropolitan area 1996
Toronto, Ont. 4,445 Windsor, Ont. 292

Montréal, Que. 3,359 Oshawa, Ont. 281

Vancouver, B.C. 1,891 Saskatoon, Sask. 222

Ottawa, Ont.-Hull, Que. 1,031 Regina, Sask. 199

Edmonton, Alta. 892 St. John’s, Nfld. 178
Calgary, Alta. 852 Chicoutimi-Jonquière, Que. 167

Québec, Que. 698 Sudbury, Ont. 166

Winnipeg, Man. 677 Sherbrooke, Que. 150

Hamilton, Ont. 650 Trois-Rivières, Que. 144

London, Ont. 416 Saint John, N.B. 129

Thunder Bay, Ont. 131

Kitchener, Ont. 403

St. Catherines, Ont. 390 Total of top 25 18,421

Halifax, H.S. 347

Victoria, B.C. 313 Percent of total Canadian population 61.5


SOURCE: Statistics Canada. Annual Demographics Statistics, Catalogue No. 91-213-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

t a b l e 1-1b

Top 25 Mexican Population Centers: 1995

(Thousands)
Metropolitan area 1995 Metropolitan area 1995
Mexico City, D.F. (MZ) 16,674 Acapulco de Juárez, Gro. (City) 687

Guadalajara, Jal.(MZ) 3,462 Querétaro, Qro. (MZ) 680

Monterrey, N.L. (MZ) 3,022 Cuernavaca, Mor. (MZ) 672

Puebla, Pue. (MZ) 1,562 Aguascalientes, Ags. (MZ) 637

León, Gto. (MZ) 1,174 Chihuahua, Chih. (MZ) 628
Toluca, Edo. de Méx. (MZ) 1,080 Coatzacoalcos, Ver. (MZ) 594

Ciudad Juárez, Chih. (MZ) 1,012 Saltillo, Coah. (MZ) 583

Tijuana, B.C. (City) 992 Morelia, Mich. (MZ) 578

Torreón, Coah.-Gómez Palacio, Dgo. (MZ) 871 Orizaba, Ver. (MZ) 567

San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (MZ) 782 Veracruz, Ver. (MZ) 560

Hermosillo, Son. (City) 559

Mérida, Yuc. (MZ) 780

Tampico, Tamps. (MZ) 719 Total of top 25 40,267

Culiacán, Sin. (City) 696

Mexicali, B.C. (City) 696 Percent of total Mexican population 44.1


NOTE: For definitions and explanations of city and MZ (metropolitan zone), see Appendix B.

SOURCE: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informatica. Dirección General de Contabilidad Nacional, Estudios

Socioeconómicos y Precios. Estadísticas del Medio Ambiente, 1997. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1998).



t a b l e 1-1c

Top 25 U.S. Population Centers: 1996

(Thousands)
Metropolitan area 1996 Metropolitan area 1996
New York, NY-NJ-CT-PA (CMSA) 19,938 Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI (MSA) 2,765

Los Angeles, CA (CMSA) 15,495 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ (MSA) 2,747

Chicago, IL-IN-WI (CMSA) 8,600 San Diego, CA (MSA) 2,655

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV (CMSA) 7,165 St. Louis, MO-IL (MSA) 2,548

San Francisco-Oakland, CA (CMSA) 6,605 Pittsburgh, PA (MSA) 2,747
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD (CMSA) 5,973 Denver, CO (CMSA) 2,277

Boston, MA-NH-ME-CT (CMSA) 5,563 Tampa, FL (MSA) 2,199

Detroit, MI (CMSA) 5,284 Portland, OR-WA (CMSA) 2,078

Dallas-Ft. Worth, TX (CMSA) 4,575 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN (CMSA) 1,921

Houston, TX (CMSA) 4,253 Kansas City, MO-KS (MSA) 1,690

Milwaukee, WI (CMSA) 1,643

Atlanta, GA (MSA) 3,541

Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, FL (CMSA) 3,514 Total of top 25 122,010

Seattle-Tacoma, WA (CMSA) 3,321

Cleveland-Akron, OH (CMSA) 2,913 Percent of total U.S. population 45.9


NOTE: For definitions and explanations of MSA (metropolitan statistical area) and CMSA (consolidated metropolitan statistical area),

see Appendix B.



SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998. (Washington, DC:

1998).


t a b l e 1-2

Area


(Number of square kilometers)
Canada Mexico United States
Total area 9,970,610 2,173,375 9,629,091

Land area 9,215,430 1,959,248 9,158,960

Water area 755,180 214,127 470,131

SOURCES

Canada

Natural Resources Canada. GeoAccess Division. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).



Mexico

Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección General de Geografía. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1998).



United States

U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Census Bureau. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1998. (Washington, DC: 1998).


t a b l e 1-3

Gross Domestic Product by Industry

(Current value, billions (or thousand millions) of U.S. dollars)
Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Total 540.1 545.9 p 568.7 240.4 261.5 302.2 5,743.8 7,269.6 7,661.6
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 12.4 14.1 15.2 18.9 14.3 18.4 108.7 109.5 130.4

Mining 23.8 21.3 25.5 5.6 4.5 4.7 112.3 98.7 113.8

Construction 41.7 28.9 30.2 9.4 10.6 12.6 245.2 286.4 311.9

Manufacturing 91.6 100.8 104.2 50.0 54.5 65.1 1,031.4 1,282.2 1,309.1


Transportation 18.3 18.9 19.3 19.0 21.8 26.1 176.4 226.1 237.0

Trucking, warehousing and storage 7.7 8.7 8.6 9.7 9.4 11.3 75.8 98.0 92.9

Railroad 2.6 2.3 2.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 19.6 22.9 23.4

Water 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 9.7 10.9 11.7

Pipeline, excluding natural gas 0.6 0.6 0.6 U U U 5.0 4.9 5.2

Air 3.2 3.2 3.4 0.4 0.7 0.9 39.4 53.9 65.2

Local and interurban passenger 2.1 2.0 2.0 5.7 8.3 10.1 9.0 12.2 13.0

Transportation services 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.6 2.1 2.5 17.8 23.2 25.5


Communications 15.2 15.4 16.1 2.9 4.4 4.7 146.6 193.3 207.5

Utilities 17.8 20.9 21.7 3.3 3.3 3.5 159.3 197 204.9

Commerce 62.9 58.3 60.5 48.4 42.2 51.5 870.8 1,132.4 1,192.8

Wholesale trade 29.3 28.6 30.0 U U U 367.3 491.4 519.8

Retail trade 33.6 29.7 30.5 U U U 503.5 641.0 673.0
Finance, insurance and real estate 88.2 97.3 101.4 29.1 34.0 38.0 1,025.2 1,362.3 1,448.6

Services 120.9 124.2 128.7 47.0 62.3 67.7 1,059.4 1,445.4 1,544.2

Government 47.2 46.0 45.7 6.9 9.4 10.0 792.5 962.7 993.7

KEY: p = Data are preliminary. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Industry Classification: The industry groupings included in this table are based on a modification of the 1987 U.S. Standard Industrial

Classification (SIC) system. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), which went into effect for the reference year

1997 in Canada and the United States and in 1998 in Mexico, differs from the system used in this table. NAICS industry categories will

allow for greater data comparability and consistency across the three countries.

Pipeline, excluding natural gas: For Canada and the United States, oil pipelines are included. Oil pipeline data for Mexico are included

in both manufacturing and mining and cannot be separated from these categories.

Utilities: Include electricity, natural gas, water, sanitation and other utility services.

Transportation services: Includes services of travel agencies, tour operators, freight forwarders and brokers, rental services and other

miscellaneous types of transportation services.



United States

Total: The GDP total does not equal the sum of industry categories due to the statistical discrepancy reported in the source data but

omitted in this table. For the exact amounts of these, see Appendix B.

SOURCES

Canada

Statistics Canada. Input-Output Division. Special tabulations. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1999).



Mexico

Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección General de Contabilidad Nacional, Estudios Socioeconómicos y

Precios. Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales de México, 1988-1996. (Aguascalientes, Ags: 1997).

United States

U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Survey of Current Business. (Washington, DC: August 1996 and

January 1999).


t a b l e 1-1a

Top 25 Canadian Population Centers: 1996

(Thousands)
Metropolitan area 1996 Metropolitan area 1996
Toronto, Ont. 4,445 Windsor, Ont. 292

Montréal, Que. 3,359 Oshawa, Ont. 281

Vancouver, B.C. 1,891 Saskatoon, Sask. 222

Ottawa, Ont.-Hull, Que. 1,031 Regina, Sask. 199

Edmonton, Alta. 892 St. John’s, Nfld. 178
Calgary, Alta. 852 Chicoutimi-Jonquière, Que. 167

Québec, Que. 698 Sudbury, Ont. 166

Winnipeg, Man. 677 Sherbrooke, Que. 150

Hamilton, Ont. 650 Trois-Rivières, Que. 144

London, Ont. 416 Saint John, N.B. 129

Thunder Bay, Ont. 131

Kitchener, Ont. 403

St. Catherines, Ont. 390 Total of top 25 18,421

Halifax, H.S. 347

Victoria, B.C. 313 Percent of total Canadian population 61.5


SOURCE: Statistics Canada. Annual Demographics Statistics, Catalogue No. 91-213-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

t a b l e 1-1b

Top 25 Mexican Population Centers: 1995

(Thousands)
Metropolitan area 1995 Metropolitan area 1995
Mexico City, D.F. (MZ) 16,674 Acapulco de Juárez, Gro. (City) 687

Guadalajara, Jal.(MZ) 3,462 Querétaro, Qro. (MZ) 680

Monterrey, N.L. (MZ) 3,022 Cuernavaca, Mor. (MZ) 672

Puebla, Pue. (MZ) 1,562 Aguascalientes, Ags. (MZ) 637

León, Gto. (MZ) 1,174 Chihuahua, Chih. (MZ) 628
Toluca, Edo. de Méx. (MZ) 1,080 Coatzacoalcos, Ver. (MZ) 594

Ciudad Juárez, Chih. (MZ) 1,012 Saltillo, Coah. (MZ) 583

Tijuana, B.C. (City) 992 Morelia, Mich. (MZ) 578

Torreón, Coah.-Gómez Palacio, Dgo. (MZ) 871 Orizaba, Ver. (MZ) 567

San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (MZ) 782 Veracruz, Ver. (MZ) 560

Hermosillo, Son. (City) 559

Mérida, Yuc. (MZ) 780

Tampico, Tamps. (MZ) 719 Total of top 25 40,267

Culiacán, Sin. (City) 696

Mexicali, B.C. (City) 696 Percent of total Mexican population 44.1


NOTE: For definitions and explanations of city and MZ (metropolitan zone), see Appendix B.

SOURCE: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informatica. Dirección General de Contabilidad Nacional, Estudios

Socioeconómicos y Precios. Estadísticas del Medio Ambiente, 1997. (Aguascalientes, Ags.: 1998).


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