Los Superlativos



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Los Superlativos

  • When you make comparisons, you say that one item has MORE or LESS of a certain quality than another item has.
  • Más adjective que… More something than
  • Menos adjective que…Less something than
  • Más adjective que… More something than
  • Mi gato es más bonito que tu gato.
  • Menos adjective que…Less something than
  • Mi perro es más rapido que tu perro.

MOST

  • El más = the most (masc, singular)
  • Los más = the most (masc, plural)
  • El menos = the least (masc, singular)
  • Los menos = the least (masc, plural)
  • La más = the most (fem, singular)
  • Las más = the most (fem, plural)
  • La menos = the least (fem, singular)
  • Las menos = the least (fem, plural)

Your adjective comes after the superlative, and still needs to agree with whoever and whatever you are talking about in gender and number:

  • Your adjective comes after the superlative, and still needs to agree with whoever and whatever you are talking about in gender and number:
  • Luis es el más alto. Luis is the tallest.
  • (literally, Luis is the most tall)
  • Carmen es la más pequeña. Carmen is the smallest.
  • (Carmen is the most small)
  • Mercedes es la menos cansada.
  • Mercedes is the least tired.

Geraldo es el menos guapo del grupo = Geraldo is the less handsome of the group.

  • Geraldo es el menos guapo del grupo = Geraldo is the less handsome of the group.
  • To use a noun with the superlative form, put it AFTER the definite article (el, la).
  • Luis es el chico más alto = Luis is the tallest boy. (Luis is the boy most tall)
  • How would you say…?
  • Pedro is the shortest boy. (boy most short)
  • Pedro es el chico más bajo.

Mercedes es la chica más inteligente = Mercedes is the smartest girl.

  • Mercedes es la chica más inteligente = Mercedes is the smartest girl.
  • Oscar prepara las comidas más ricas = Oscar prepares the most delicious foods (the foods most delicious)
  • Geraldo es el chico menos guapo del grupo = Geraldo is the less handsome boy of the group.

When you are referring to a more abstract idea or concept, use the neuter article “lo.”

  • When you are referring to a more abstract idea or concept, use the neuter article “lo.”
  • Lo más importante es que no está lloviendo = The most important (thing) is that it’s not raining.
  • The most interesting thing is…
  • El/la mejor =
  • The best
  • El/ la peor =
  • The worst
  • El/la mayor=
  • The oldest
  • El/la menor=
  • The youngest

1. Gustavo is the most hardworking student in the class. (the student most hardworking)

  • 1. Gustavo is the most hardworking student in the class. (the student most hardworking)
  • _______________________________________________
  • 2. Lalo is the most boring. ______________________________________________
  • 3. Zacarías is the most intelligent. __________________________________________________
  • 4. Salsalita is the tallest girl in the school. (the girl most tall) ______________________________________________________
  • 5. Juice is the most delicious drink on the menu (drink most delicious). _____________________________________________


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