Comparative literature panel coordinator



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COMPARATIVE LITERATURE

PANEL COORDINATOR: Antonio Ballesteros González (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, UNED). Departamento de Filologías Extranjeras y sus Lingüísticas. Senda del Rey, 7. 28040. Madrid.
aballesteros@flog.uned.es

Sesión 1:

Esther de la Peña Puebla (U. de Sevilla): “Ecos intertextuales de Ulises en La vida perra de Juanita Narboni”.

Abstract: El presente trabajo tiene por objeto revelar los ecos intertextuales que la obra de James Joyce, Ulises refleja en La vida perra de Juanita Narboni, de Ángel Vázquez. El discurso literario que ambos autores emplean en sus obras a través del monólogo interior de sus personajes refleja el marco sociocultural, y los espacios urbanos de dos ciudades (Dublí­n y Tánger), í­ntimamente ligadas a sus protagonistas y a ellos mismos. Las dicotomí­as de género que aparecen configuradas en los espacios de la ciudad, la relación entre la ciudad y el personaje, el personaje y la sociedad que le rodea, revelan analogí­as entre las dos obras que merecen ser destacadas para su estudio. Asimismo, la interpretación e identidad de los personajes centrales evidencian que no solo comparten un pasado irremediable, sino que viven un presente absurdo y de intensa soledad, y parecen adentrarse hacia un futuro sombrí­o y carente de esperanza. Palabras clave: intertextualidad, monólogo interior, espacios urbanos, interculturalidad. 

Yolanda Moratón Agrajofo (U. Pablo de Olavide): “Ínsulas, vanguardias, música: cuando el lenguaje musical descompone el lenguaje escrito. Finnegans Wake de James Joyce y La guaracha del Macho Camacho de Luis Rafael Sánchez”.

Abstract: Finnegans Wake (1939) de James Joyce y La guaracha del Macho Camacho (1976) de Luis Rafael Sánchez son novelas vanguardistas ejemplares en sus paí­ses y épocas. Sin embargo, en los textos narrativos de ambos autores se aprecian elementos que van más allá de la experimentación estilística. En esta comunicación se analizan aspectos como la parodia, el lenguaje musical y la ficción vanguardista en su función de instrumentos de crítica social.

Sesión 2:

Juan José Martín González (U. de Málaga): “Sweeney Todd: Adapting a Victorian Urban Legend”.

Abstract: This paper is aimed at examining two neo-Victorian adaptations of the legend of Sweeney Todd: Sondheim’s Sweeney Todd. The Demon Barber of Fleet Street. A Musical Thriller (1979) and Tim Burton’s Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007). Considering the medium-specific features of theatre and cinema, I will look into how violence is portrayed in each adaptation and the social resonances of the legend in general. Key words: Sweeney Todd, violence, Sondheim, Burton. 

Sesión 3:

Dídac Llorens Cubedo (UNED): “Sceptic and Disturbing Adoration: T. S. Eliot’s Journey of the Magi and Salvador Espriu’s Els tres reis d’Orient”.

Abstract: T. S. Eliot and Salvador Espriu were traditional, encyclopaedic poets in whose works Biblical allusions become essential. The Adoration of the Magi inspired them both. Eliot’s “Journey of the Magi” was the first poem he wrote after becoming confirmed in the Church of England. It is a dramatic monologue whose lyrical speaker poignantly regrets the impossibility to embrace the Christian faith. Espriu’s “Els tres reis d’Orient” is burlesque in tone, influenced by medieval mystery plays and children’s literature. Espriu’s characters are aloof, sceptic and unable to realise the historical significance of the Nativity. In both compositions, which reflect their authors’ religious views, the Passion and Crucifixion is imaginatively foreshadowed or subtly hinted at; the Epiphany is a disturbing experience or seems not to have taken place at all. Key words: T. S. Eliot, Salvador Espriu, “Journey of the Magi”, “Els tres reis d’Orient”, comparative literature.

Santiago Rodríguez Guerrero-Strachan (Universidad de Valladolid): “Wallace Stevens’ and Antonio Colinas’ Essays on Imagination.

Abstract: Both Wallace Stevens and Antonio Colinas wrote poems that had their origin in Sandro Botticelli’s “Birth of Venus”. Despite the apparently cultural distance between both poets, it is my view that they shared some common ground, as the poems above mentioned show. I propose to analyze their poetics on imagination since it is my view that I may shed some light to their poetics about poetry and painting. Colinas is not interested, as Stevens was, in the creation of a new poetics that was different from European standards. Stevens is basically interested in exploring new ways of representation much in the line of painters such as Cezanne or Picasso, so that his poems can support a new American art. Colinas’ main concern is the revitalized use of the classical tradition at the end of last century. The analysis of their essays shows the distance that there is between the beginning and the end of the twentieth century in literature. Key words: Wallace Stevens, Antonio Colinas, ekphrasis, imagination.

Carmelo Medina Casado (Universidad de Jaén): “Censura legal en la literatura inglesa. El caso de D. H. Lawrence”.

Abstract: Históricamente la censura en la literatura inglesa está fuertemente ligada a la normativa legal que al respecto aprobó su Parlamento. Esta comunicación ofrece un recorrido por las principales leyes y organismos creados para vigilar su cumplimiento desde Henry VIII hasta nuestros dí­as. El caso de D. H. Lawrence y la persecución legal a la que se sometió su poesía, prosa y obra pictórica será destacado. Para ello se utilizarán los principales textos legales sobre la censura en el Reino Unido y la documentación interna manejada por la policía y organismos oficiales ingleses encargados de la censura.

Sesión 4:

Silvia Marcinova (Pavol Jozef Safarik University, Kosice, Eslovaquia): “Source of Trauma in Cynthia Ozick’s ‘The Shawl’ and The Messiah of Stockholm: A Comparative Analysis”.

Abstract: The short story ‘The Shawl’, its sequel novelette Rosa, as well as the thematically separate novel The Messiah of Stockholm, written by an American born author of Jewish background, are fiction works directly dealing with the effects of Holocaust trauma. Psychological insights into the main characters and their deeply traumatized psyches are the key motifs of both works. Both novels focus on the topic of Post-Holocaust suffering as the central subject matter of both works. However, both of them approach this topic from a different angle. My thesis is that Rosa represents sufferers of direct Holocaust trauma whereas Lars represents sufferers of transmitted Holocaust trauma. The article focuses on the sources of trauma in both characters, how this trauma is represented and how it is overcome by both sufferers. The article uses the theoretical background of trauma studies for research. Key words: Holocaust trauma, transmitted trauma, PTSD. 

Ana Rull Suárez (UNED): “Connections between Cervantes and Thomas Pynchon’s Against the Day”.

Abstract: In Pynchon’s novel Against the Day there are a series of very revealing connections with the writings of Cervantes. The Spanish author, in the first crisis of “modernity”, created a modern novel as a frame in which fiction and reality, experience and spirituality, were expressed by madness, paranoia and idealism, all of these under the mirror of irony. If the method to express the dramatic situation of human beings in front of the new reality of reason and experimentation was by means of travelling, and by a protagonist who was consciously out of “reason”, in Pynchon these aspects multiply themselves before the new world of what we can call the second modernity. Pynchon reflects this through an obsession with science, technology, nature observation, and the necessity for new forms of spirituality in order to face a world that seems to be falling apart. In light of this, the connections between both authors are multiple, both in motifs as well as in the structure of their novels. That is why it is interesting to look in detail at some of the characteristics that the work of Cervantes and Pynchon’s novel share. Key words: Modernity, Postmodernism, connections, experimentation, irony. 

Lucía Prada González (U. de Oviedo): “Reinventing Alice in Wonderland with a Steampunk Twist: Jeff Noon’s Automated Alice”.

Abstract: In 1996, British author Jeff Noon, a Carroll admirer, published Automated Alice, which he defined as a “trequel” to the Alice books: a third Alice adventure in a futuristic and post-industrial Manchester populated by humanoid mutants crossed with animals and objects. Imagining what Lewis Carroll could have written if he had had access to the scientific knowledge available by the end of the 20th century, Jeff Noon wrote a novel that re-invents Carroll's universe with what many have identified as a steampunk touch. In my presentation I analyze the extent to which Noon's novel can be considered as belonging to this sci-fi subgenre, as well as identify some elements in Carroll\'s novels which could be argued to prompt a steampunk revision.


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